On February 23rd...
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1417 Pope Paul
II was born.
Samuel Pepys was born.
George Frideric Handel was born.
Prince William III was proclaimed King of
1764 William Eaton, American soldier
and diplomat, was born.
1778 Baron von Steuben joined the
Continental Army at Valley Forge.
1792 The Humane
Society of Massachusetts was incorporated.
1813 The first
U.S. raw cotton-to-cloth mill was founded in
1821 The first
pharmaceutical college in the United States,
College of Apothecaries, was established in
1822 Boston was
incorporated as a city.
The Alamo was besieged by General Antonio L. de Santa Anna.
U.S. forces led by General Zachary
Taylor defeated a far larger Mexican army led by
General Antonio L. de Santa Anna at Buena Vista.
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published The
John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States,
Texas became the 7th state to secede from the
1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln secretly arrived in Washington, D.C.,
to take the oath of office.
President Abraham Lincoln signed the National
Walter Winfield patented a game called
"sphairistike" (lawn tennis).
1866 Prince Alexandru Ioan
Cuza of Romania was
overthrown by a military conspiracy.
American civil rights leader W.E.B. Du Bois was
The 15th Amendment, guaranteeing the right of all
citizens to vote, was sent to the states for
Mississippi was re-admitted to the Union.
1870 The first New York City
subway line was opened.
Alabama became the first state to enact an
1883 The American
Antivivisection Society was organized in
1883 Film director Victor
Fleming was born.
The London Times published the world's
first classified ad.
1886 A process for manufacturing
aluminum was developed.
The first buffalo were purchased for Golden Gate
Park in San Francisco.
The first college student government was formed
at Bryn Mawr.
Michael Owens patented a glass-blowing machine.
The Tootsie Roll was introduced by Leo
Cuba leased Guantanamo to the United States.
The United States acquired control of the Panama
Canal Zone for $10 million.
Rotary Club International was established by four
men in Chicago.
Royal Oil and Shell merged to form British
1907 U.S. Congress members
raised their own salaries to $7,500.
Quanah, leader of the Quahadi Comanche, died.
Paul Tibbets, pilot of the Enola Gay,
The Federal Board of Vocational Education was
founded the Fascist Party of Italy.
established Grand Canyon National
The first transcontinental air mail flight
arrived in New York City from San Francisco.
The trial against Adolf Hitler began in Munich,
The Federal Radio Commission was created.
The first red and green traffic lights were
installed, in Manhattan, New York.
Actress Majel Barrett was born.
Adolf Hitler introduced Ferdinand Porsche's
1936 The first rocket air mail
flight was launched at Greenwood Lake, New York.
Walt Disney's animated movie Pinocchio
1940 Actor Peter Fonda was born.
Plutonium was first produced and isolated
by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
U.S. Navy pilot Don Mason sent the message
"Sighted sub sank same."
Football player Fred Biletnikof was born.
Leo H. Baekeland, inventor of Bakelite, died.
U.S. Marines raised the U.S. flag over Iwo Jima.
Football player Ed "Too Tall" Jones was
The first mass inoculation with the Salk polio
vaccine was completed in Pittsburgh,
Voice actor Tom Bodett was born.
Arturo Frondizi was elected
President of Argentina.
Baseball player Bobby Bonilla was born.
Comic actor Stan Laurel died.
The 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,
establishing the order of presidential
succession, was proclaimed.
Wilt Chamberlain became the first NBA player to score
The United States Environmental Protection Agency
announced its intent to buy out and evacuate the
dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach,
1987A became the first supernova to be visible to
the naked eye since 1604.
Dakota Fanning was born.
James Herriot died.
in Scotland announced they had succeeded in
cloning an adult mammal, a lamb named Dolly.
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