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On February 1st...
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1327 Edward III was crowned King of England.
1328 King Charles IV of France died.
1552 English jurist Sir Edward Coke was born.
1587 Queen Elizabeth I of England signed a death warrant for Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland.
1662 The Dutch garrison on Formosa surrendered to Chinese pirates.
1691 Pope Alexander VIII died.
1707 Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales, was born.
1720 Sweden and Prussia signed a peace treaty.
1733 King Augustus II of Poland died.
1742 Sardinia and Austria signed an alliance.
1788 The first U.S. steamboat patent was issued, by Georgia to Briggs and Longstreet.
1790 The U.S. Supreme Court met for the first time.
1793 France declared war on Great
Britain and the Netherlands.
1796 The capital of Upper Canada was moved from Newark to York.
1810 The first insurance company manaed by blacks, American Insurance Co. of Philadelphia, was established.
1814 Volcano Mayon on the Philippine island of Luzon erupted, killing about 1,200 people.
1840 The Baltimore College of Dental Surgery was incorporated.
1851 Author Mary Shelley died.
1856 East Alabama Male College (now Auburn University) was chartered.
1859 Composer/conductor/cellist Victor Herbert was born.
1860 Morris Raphall became the first rabbi to open the U.S. House of Representatives.
1861 Texas seceded from the Union.
1862 Julia Ward Howe published "Battle Hymn of Republic."
1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia became the first black to make an official speech in the U.S. House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates).
1873 Oceanographer Matthew Fontaine Maury died.
1878 Hattie Wyatt Caraway, the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate, was born.
1882 Louis S. St. Laurent, Prime Minister of Canada, was born.
1884 The first volume of the Oxford English Dictionary was published.
1887 Harvey Wilcox began selling lots in a real estate development named Hollywoodland.
1893 Thomas Edison completed the world's first movie studio, in West Orange, New Jersey.
1894 Film director John Ford was born.
1896 Giacomo Puccini's opera La Boheme premiered in Turin, Italy.
1898 The first auto insurance policy in the U.S. was issued by Travelers Insurance Co.
1901 Actor Clark Gable was born.
1902 Author James Langston Hughes was born.
1906 The first federal penitentiary building was completed at Leavenworth, Kansas.
1908 King Carlos I and Prince Luis Filipe of Portugal were assassinated in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
1914 Tanganyika Railway opened.
1920 The first commercial armored car
was introduced in St. Paul, Minnesota.
1921 Actor Peter Sallis was born.
1924 The Netherlands Press Museum opened in Amsterdam.
1929 The prototype Knoll KN-1 airplane was destroyed in a crash.
1931 Bangladesh President Iajuddin
Ahmed was born.
1933 The German Parliament was dissolved.
1937 Singer Don Everly was born.
1938 Actor Sherman Hemsley was born.
1942 Actor Terry Jones was born.
1946 The Republic of Hungary was proclaimed.
1948 The Federation of Malaysia was formed from
1949 The 200-inch Hale Telescope was
used for the first time.
1951 The X-ray moving picture process
was demonstrated for the first time.
1953 "General Electric
Theater" debuted on CBS-TV.
1954 Actor Bill Mumy was born.
1957 P.H. Young became the first
black pilot on a U.S. scheduled passenger airline.
1958 The United Arab Republic was formed by the
union of Egypt and Syria.
uprising of Europeans in Algiers, Algeria, collapsed and many of its
leaders were flown to France for trial.
1961 A Minuteman ICBM was successfully fired for the first time, from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
1963 Hastings Kamuzu Banda became the first Prime Minister of Nyasaland.
1964 The Boeing 727 made its first
commercial passenger flight, an Eastern Air Lines flight
from Miami, Florida, to Washington, D.C.
1965 Martin Luther King, Jr. and 700
demonstrators were arrested in Selma, Alabama.
1966 Actress Hedda Hopper died.
1968 Vince Lombardi resigned as coach
of the Green Bay Packers.
1970 A passenger train slammed into a
parked commuter train in Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing
1971 Actor Michael C. Hall was born.
1972 The Yang de-Pertuan Agong of
Malaysia granted a royal charter to the city of Kuala
1974 The situation comedy "Good Times" debuted on CBS.
1976 The mini-series "Rich Man,
Poor Man" debuted on ABC.
1979 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned to Iran after 15 years in exile.
1980 The soap opera "Love of Life" ended after a run of 28 years.
1981 Douglas Aircraft founder David W. Douglas died.
1982 Senegal and Gambia formed a
1988 Actress Heather O'Rourke died.
1991 An earthquake killed about 1,200
people in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
1992 Barry Bonds signed baseball's highest single year contract -- $4.7 million.
2003 The Space Shuttle Columbia broke apart over Texas during re-entry, killing all seven crew members.
2004 A stampede during the Hajj
pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia killed 251 persons and injured
2005 Nepalese King Gyanendra staged a coup d'état and became Chairman of the Council of Ministers.
2007 Composer Gian-Carlo Menotti died.
2009 The Pittsburg Steelers defeated the Arizona Cardinals 27-23 in Super Bowl XLIII.
2012 Don Cornelius, host of "Soul Train," died.
2013 The Nigerian Army bombed a Boko
Haram camp, killing 18 persons.
2014 Mount Sinabung erupted in Indonesia, killing 14 persons.
2015 The New England Patriots defeated the Seattle Seahawks 28-24 in Super Bowl XLIX.
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This page was last updated on July 12, 2018.