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  On This Day

On December 28th...

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1065 Westminster Abbey was consecrated.

Galileo Galilei1612 Galileo Galilei became the first astronomer to observe the planet Neptune, although he mistakenly catalogued it as a fixed star.

1694 Queen Mary II of England died.

1816 The American Colonization Society was organized.

John C. Calhoun1832 John C. Calhoun became the first Vice President of the United States to resign.

1835 Osceola led Seminole warriors in Florida into the Second Seminole War.

1836 Spain recognized the independence of Mexico.

Iowa1846 Iowa was admitted as the 29th state.

Woodrow Wilson1856 Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, was born.

1867 The United States claimed Midway Island.

Knights of Labor1869 The Knights of Labor held the first Labor Day ceremonies in the United States.
1869 William Semple patented chewing gum.

1877 John Stevens applied for a patent for his flour rolling mill.

Josephine Cochrane1886 Josephine Cochrane received a patent for her automatic dishwashing machine.

1897 Edmond Rostand's play Cyrano de Bergerac premiered in Paris.

Madison Square Garden1902 The first indoor professional American football game was played, in New York City at Madison Square Garden.
1902 The Trans-Pacific cable linked Hawaii to the U.S. mainland.

1905 The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States was founded.

1912 The first municipally owned streetcars went into operation in San Francisco.

1945 Congress officially recognized the "Pledge of Allegiance."
1945 The U.S. Coast Guard was transferred from the Navy and returned to the jurisdiction of the Treasury Department.

1950 Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea.

1957 U.S. Army Captain Bowman set a world helicopter altitude record of 30,355 feet in a Cessna YH-41.

1973 The Endangered Species Act was passed by Congress.

James A. Garfield National Historic Site1980 The James A. Garfield National Historic Site was established.

1981 Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first U.S. test-tube baby, was born in Norfolk, Virginia.

1984 The TV soap "The Edge of Night" ended its 28-year run.
Sam Peckinpah1984 Film director Sam Peckinpah died.

1999 Clayton Moore, star of the 1950s TV show "The Lone Ranger," died.

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This page was last updated on May 02, 2016.

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