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325 The Council of Nicaea ended with adoption of the Nicene Creed, establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
1688 Sir Henry Morgan, English pirate who terrorized Spanish settlements in and around the Caribbean, died.
1718 New Orleans, Louisiana, was founded.
1776 Philosopher David Hume died.
1804 Alice Meynell became the first woman jockey, in England.
1814 The British Army captured Washington, D.C.
1822 William Herschel, astronomer who discovered the planet Uranus, died.
1825 Uruguay declared its independence from Brazil.
1829 President Andrew Jackson made an offer to buy Texas.
1836 Author Bret Harte was born.
1845 King Ludwig II of Bavaria was born.
1867 Physicist Michael Faraday died.
1875 Matthew Webb became the first to swim the English Channel (in 21 hours, 45 minutes).
1877 Joshua Lionel Cowen, inventor of Lionel Trains, was born.
1900 Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche died.
1908 Nobel Prize-winning physicist Antoine-Henri Becquerel died.
1910 Yellow Cab was founded.
1912 The Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party) was founded.
1913 Cartoonist Walt Kelly was born.
1916 The National Park Service was established.
1917 Actor Mel Ferrer was born.
1918 Leonard Bernstein, composer, conductor, and pianist, was born.
1919 George C. Wallace, four-time Governor of Alabama, was born.
1920 Ethelda Bleibtrey became the first American woman ever to win an Olympic gold medal.
United States signed a peace treaty with Germany.
1925 The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was organized, in Harlem, New York.
1927 Tennis player Althea Gibson was born.
1930 Actor Sean Connery was born.
1931 American politician
Cecil Andrus was born.
General Charles de Gaulle led a victory march into Paris.
1946 Baseball player Rollie Fingers was born.
1949 KISS bassist Gene Simmons was born.
1954 Musician Elvis Costello was born.
1958 Film director Tim Burton was born.
1959 The world's largest vertical-lift span opened across Arthur Kill, linking New York City's Staten Island with Elizabeth, New Jersey.
1961 Singer Billy Ray Cyrus was born.
1964 Actor Blair Underwood was born.
1968 Television chef Rachel Ray was born.
1970 Singer Jo Dee Messina was born.
1979 Jazz band leader Stan Kenton died.
1984 Novelist Truman Capote died.
1989 Voyager 1 made its closest approach to Neptune.
1998 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr. died.
2009 Senator Edward "Ted" Kennedy died.
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