On August 13th...
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Hernando Cortés completed his conquest of the Aztecs.
Cardinal Richelieu was appointed Chief
Minister of France by Louis XIII.
The Battle of Blenheim was fought.
The Cape of Good Hope was formally ceded
to the British by the Dutch.
Lucy Stone, women's rights and anti-slavery
advocate, was born.
Sharpshooter Annie Oakley was born.
The Ring of the Nibelung, a four-opera
cycle by Richard Wagner, was performed for the first time at
William Gray patented the coin-operated
Actor Bert Lahr was born.
U.S. forces under Admiral George Dewey captured Manila,
director Alfred Hitchcock was born.
1910 Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing, died.
Golfer Ben Hogan was born.
Harry Brearley invented stainless steel.
Christodolou Mouskos, aka Archbishop Makarios
III, first President of
the Republic of Cyprus, was born.
Carl Wickman began Greyhound, the first U.S. bus
line, in Minnesota.
1914 France declared war on
The Turkish National Congress selected
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as the first
President of the Republic of Turkey.
Cuban leader Fidel Castro was born.
Singer Don Ho was born.
Adolf Hitler refused President Von
Hindenburg's proposal to become Vice-Chancellor
1944 Actor Kevin
Tighe was born.
1946 Author H.G.
Satchel Paige pitched his first
Major League complete game.
Operatic soprano Kathleen Battle was born.
Musician Dan Fogelberg was born.
Discoverer V was fired into polar orbit from
Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.
1959 Construction of
1959 Actor Danny Bonaduce was
The first two-way conversation via
satellite was undertaken using Echo 1.
East Germany began construction of the Berlin Wall.
The last new episode of "The Waltons"
aired on CBS-TV.
Hotel chain founder J. Willard Marriott died.
1995 Baseball player Mickey Mantle died.
Television chef Julia Child died.
guitar pioneer Les Paul died.
newsman Edwin Newman died.
editor Helen Gurley Brown died.
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