On August 1st...
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Swiss National Holiday
The Swiss Confederation was established.
Queen Anne of England died.
American explorer William Clark was
Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen.
1774 Naturalist Jean Baptiste Lamarck was born.
Francis Scott Key, author of "The
Star-Spangled Banner," was born.
Caroline Herschel became the first woman to be credited
with discovering a comet.
The Whiskey Rebellion began in western Pennsylvania.
1815 Richard Henry Dana, lawyer, adventurer, and writer, was
The first stretch of the Cumberland Road, from
Cumberland, Maryland, to Wheeling, West Virginia,
Maria Mitchell, the first woman professional
astronomer, was born.
Novelist Herman Melville
London Bridge opened to traffic.
The Black Hawk War ended.
Robert Morrison, Protestant missionary to China and
translator of the Bible into Chinese, died.
The apprenticeship system was abolished in
most of the British Empire.
American statesman Robert Todd Lincoln was born.
The Battle of Little Rock (Arkansas) was fought.
The Battle of Petersburg (Virginia) was fought.
Colorado became the 38th state.
Henry Perky and William Ford patented shredded
Performance artist Calamity Jane died.
The U.S. Army Signal Corps started an
Harriet Quimby became the first American woman to
get a pilot's license.
The Central Powers declared war on Russia,
beginning the First World War.
Hawaii National Park was established.
1920 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, early leader of the Indian
independence movement, died.
Geologist and explorer Raphael Pumpelly died.
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia was born.
Hafizullah Amin, President of Afghanistan, was born.
Actor Dom LeLuise was born.
Fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent was born.
The first Jeep was produced.
Musician Jerry Garcia was born.
Anne Frank made her last diary entry.
1944 Manuel Quezon, 2nd
President of the Philippines, died.
The U.S. Congress passed the Atomic Energy Act,
providing for civilian control of nuclear energy.
The U.S. Air Force Office of Special
Investigations was founded.
1950 The Guam
Organic Act established Guam as an unincorporated U.S.
persons were killed and another 50 injured when a
railway shed exploded in Assansol, India.
people drowned when the boat they were on
capsized in the Hooghly River at Calcutta, India.
1957 U.S. troops began
Benin gained independence from France (as
Chubby Checker released "The Twist."
The Treaty of Chaguaramas, establishing the Caribbean Community
(CARICOM), went into
Francis Gary Powers, pilot of the U-2 plane shot
down by the Soviet Union, died.
Playwright Paddy Chayefsky died.
1981 Panamanian dictator Omar
Torrijos was killed in a plane crash.
Author William Seward
King Fahd of Saudi Arabia died.
Corazon Aquino, former President
of the Philippines, died.
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