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On April 15th...
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1450 The French defeated the English at the Battle of Formigny.
1452 Artist Leonardo da Vinci was born.
1534 Thomas Cromwell was appointed Chief Secretary to King Henry VIII.
1632 Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeated Count Tilly of the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Rain.
1684 Empress Catherine of Russia was born.
1689 French King Louis XIV declared war on Spain.
1697 Charles XII succeeded Charles XI as King of Sweden.
1716 Prussian troops occupied the Swedish-controlled German port of Wismar.
1741 Portrait painter Charles Willson Peale was born.
1755 Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language was published in London.
1788 Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Prussia signed a peace treaty.
1814 Historian John Lothrop Motley was born.
1817 The first American school for the deaf opened in Hartford, Connecticut.
1843 Novelist Henry James was born.
1844 Architect Charles Bulfinch died.
1850 The city of San Francisco, California, was incorporated.
1861 A Federal Army of 75,000 volunteers was mobilized by U. S. President Abraham Lincoln.
1865 President Abraham Lincoln died, one day after being shot by John Wilkes Booth.
1877 The first telephone was installed, in Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts.
1878 Harley Procter introduced Ivory Soap.
1881 Hugh Hammond Bennett, the "father of soil conservation" was born.
1892 General Electric Company was incorporated in New York.
1896 The first modern Olympic Games closed in Athens, Greece.
1900 Exposition Universelle opened in Paris, France.
ocean liner *Titanic* sank after having struck an iceberg.
1923 The first sound on film public performance was given at the Rialto Theater in New York City, New York.
1924 Rand-McNally published its first road atlas.
1925 Painter John Singer Sargent died.
1933 Singer Roy Clark was born.
1937 The Detroit Red Wings beat the New York Rangers for the Stanley Cup.
1939 Albert Lebrun was elected President of France.
1943 The first production B-29 was completed at Boeing in Wichita, Kansas.
1944 Musician Dave Edmunds was born.
1945 The British
Army liberated the Nazi concentration camp at
1947 Jackie Robinson became the first black to play in a major league baseball game.
1949 Actor Wallace Beery died.
1952 The Detroit Red Wings swept the Montreal Canadiens in 4 games to win the Stanley Cup.
1955 The *first McDonald's franchise* opened in Des Plaines, Illinois.
U. S. Post Office restored Saturday mail delivery.
1958 Fire in New York's Museum of Modern Art killed a workman and caused an estimated $32,000 structural damage.
1961 "Music Man" closed at the Majestic Theater in New York City, New York, after 1,375 performances.
1964 The Chesapeake Bay Bridge opened.
1965 The NFL changed the penalty flag from white to bright gold.
1967 Richard Speck was found guilty of murdering 8 student nurses in Chicago, Illinois.
1974 A military coup in Niger overthrew President Diori Hamani.
1975 The *San Diego Chicken* made his first appearance.
1977 "Batcolumn," by Claes Oldenburg, was dedicated in Chicago, Illinois.
1979 Fuzzy Zoeller won the Masters Golf Tournament.
1983 Tokyo Disneyland opened.
1984 Ben Crenshaw won the Masters Golf Tournament.
1985 Geoff Smith and Lisa Larsen Weidenbach won the Boston Marathon.
1986 The United States launched
"Operation El Dorado Canyon" against Libya.
1989 Ninety-six persons
were crushed to death at Hillsborough Football Stadium in
1990 "In Living
Color" premiered on Fox-TV.
1991 Ibrahim Hussein and
Wanda Panfil won the Boston Marathon.
1992 The National
Assembly of Vietnam adopted the Constitution of the
Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
1994 The Cleveland Indians played their first game at Jacobs Field, and lost to Kansas City.
1996 Moses Tanui and Uta Pippig won the Boston Marathon.
1997 Fire swept through
a campsite of Muslims making the Hajj pilgrimage, killing
1998 Former Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot died.
2002 Air China Flight
CA129 crashed into a hillside during heavy rain and fog
near Busan, South Korea, killing 128 persons.
2013 Two bomb explosions near the finish line of the Boston Marathon killed 3 persons and injured 183.
2017 Suicide car bombs
targeted buses carrying Syrian evacuees at Rashidin,
killing 126 persons, including 70 children.
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This page was last updated on April 15, 2018.