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The Robinson Library >> In The Year... >> 1963
World Leaders

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Country Chief of State Head of Government
Afghanistan King Mohammed Zahir Shah Prime Minister Mohammed Daoud Khan
(from March 10) Mohammed Yusuf
Albania President of the Presidium Haxhi Leshi Chairman of the Council of Ministers Major General Mehmet Shehu
Algeria Premier Ahmed Ben Bella
(from September 15) President Ahmed Ben Bella
Andorra First Syndic Julian Reig Ribo
Argentina President José María Guido
(from October 12) Arturo Illía
Australia Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Robert G. Menzies
Austria President Adolf Schärf Chancellor Alfons Gorbach
Belgium King Baudouin I Prime Minister Théodore Lefèvre
Bolivia President Victor Paz Estenssoro
Brazil President João Goulart Prime Minister Hermes Lima
(from January 22) none
Bulgaria President of the Presidium Dimiter Ganev Premier Todor Zhivkov
Burma Chairman of the Revolutionary Council General Ne Win
Burundi King Mwambutsa IV Premier André Muhirwa
(from June 17) Pierre Ngendandumwe
Cambodia Prince Norodom Sihanouk Premier Prince Norodom Kantol
Cameroon President Ahmadou Ahidjo Premier Charles Assale
Canada Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker
(from April 22) Lester B. Pearson
Central African Republic President David Dacko
Ceylon Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sirimavo R. D. Bandaranaike
Chad President François Tombalbaye
Chile President Jorge Alessandri Rodriguez
China, Communist Chairman of the People's Republic Liu Shao-chi Premier Chou En-lai
China, Nationalist President Chiang Kai-shek President of the Executive Yuan Ch'en Ch'eng
(from December 16) C. K. Yen
Colombia President Guillermo León Valencia
Congo (Brazzaville) President Fulbert Youlou
(from August 16) Provisional Premier Alphonse Massamba-Debat
(from December 24) Premier Pascal Lissouba
Congo (Leopoldville) President Joseph Kasavubu Prime Minister Cyrille Adoula
Costa Rica President Francisco Orlich
Cuba President Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado Premier Fidel Castro
Cyprus President Archbishop Makarios III
Czechoslovakia President Antonin Novotny Premier Vilem Siroky
(from September 21) Josef Lenart
Dahomey President Hubert Maga
(from October 28) Colonel Christophe Soglo
Denmark King Frederik IX Prime Minister Jens Otto Krag
Dominican Republic President Rafael F. Bonnelly
(from February 27) Juan Bosch
(from September 25) three-man junta headed by Emilio de los Santos
(from December 22) Donald J. Reid Cabral
Ecuador President Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy
(from July 11) military junta leader Captain Ramón Castro Jijón
El Salvador President Julio Adalberto Rivera
Ethiopia Emperor Haile Selassie Prime Minister Aklilou Abde Wold
Finland President Urho Kaleva Kekkonen Prime Minister Ahti Karjalainen
(from December 18) Reinho Lehto
France President Charles de Gaulle Premier Georges Pompidou
Gabon President Léon M'Ba
Germany, East President Walter Ulbricht Minister President Otto Grotewohl
Germany, West President Heinrich Lübke Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
(from October 16) Ludwig Erhard
Ghana President Kwame Nkrumah
Greece King Paul Premier Constantine Caramanlis
(from June 17) Panayotis Pipinelis
(from September 27) Stylianos Mavromihalis
(from November 8) George Papandreou
(from December 30) Ionnis Paraskevopoulos
Guatemala President Miguel Ydigoras Fuentes
(from April 1) Colonel Enrique Peralta Azurdia
Guinea President Ahmed Sékou Touré
Haiti President François Duvalier
Honduras President Ramón Villeda Morales
(from October 3) Osvaldo López Arellano
Hungary Chairman of the Presidential Council István Dobi Premier Janos Kadar
Iceland President Asgeir Asgeirsson Prime Minister Ólafur Thors
(from November 14) Bjarni Benediktsson
India President Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Indonesia President Sukarho First Minister Djuanda Kartawidjaja
(from November 13) Premier Sukarno
Iran Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Prime Minister Assadullah Alam
Iraq President Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i
(from February 8) Abdul Salam Arif
Premier Abdul Karim Kassem
(from February 8) Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
(from November 20) Taher Yahya
Ireland President Éamon de Valera Prime Minister Seán F. Lemass
Israel President Itzhak Ben-Zvi
(from May 22) Schneor Zalman Shazar
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
(from June 26) Levi Eshkol
Italy President Antonio Segni Premier Amintore Fanfani
(from June 21) Giovanni Leone
(from December 5) Aldo Moro
Ivory Coast President Félix Houphouët-Boigny
Jamaica Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Alexander Bustamante
Japan Emperor Hirohito Prime Minister Hayato Ikeda
Jordan King Hussein Prime Minister Wasfi al-Tal
(from March 28) Samir al-Rifai
(from April 21) Sherif Husain ibn Nasser
Kenya Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Jomo Kenyatta
Korea, North President Kim Du Bong Chairman of the Council of Ministers Marshal Kim Il Sung
Korea, South Chairman of the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction General Chung Hee Park
(from December 17) President Chung Hee Park
Prime Minister Kim Hyun Chul
(from December 17) Choi Doo Sun
Kuwait Sheikh Abdullah es-Salim es-Sabah
Laos King Savang Vathana Premier Prince Souvanna Phouma
Lebanon President General Fuad Shehab Prime Minister Rashid Karami
Liberia President William V. S. Tubman
Libya King Mohammed Idris I el-Mahdi el-Senussi Premier Mohammed ibn Othman es-Said
(from March 20) Mohieddine Fekini
Liechtenstein Sovereign Prince Franz Josef II Chief of Government Gerard Batliner
Luxembourg Grand Duchess Charlotte Prime Minister Pierre Werner
Malagasy Republic President Philibert Tsiranana
Malaysia Paramount Ruler Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Al-Marhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman
Mali President Modibo Keita
Mauritania President Mokhtar Ould Daddah
Mexico President Adolfo López Mateos
Monaco Prine Rainer III Minister of State (from August 16) Jean Reymond
Mongolia Chairman of the Presidium of the Great People's Khural Zhamsarangibin Sambuu Chairman of the Council of Ministers Yumzhagiyin Tsedenbal
Morocco King Hassan II Premier (from November 13) Ahmed Bahnini
Nepal King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva Prime Minister (April 2) Tulsi Giri
Netherlands Queen Juliana Prime Minister Jan de Quay
(from July 24) Victor G. M. Marijnen
New Zealand Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Keith J. Holyoake
Nicaragua President Luis Somoza Debayle
(from May 1) René Schick Gutiérrez
Niger President Hamani Diori
Nigeria President Nnamdi Azikiwe Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
Norway King Olav V Prime Minister Einar Gerhardsen
(from August 27) John Lyng
(from September 24) Einar Gerhardsen
Pakistan President Field Marshal Mohammed Ayub Khan
Panama President Roberto Chiari
Paraguay President General Alfredo Stroessner
Peru Major General Ricardo Pérez Godoy
(from March 3) General Nicholás Lindley López
(from July 28) President Fernando Belaúnde Terry
Philippines President Diosdado Macapagal
Poland Chairman of the Council of State Aleksander Zawadzki Premier Jozef Cyrankiewicz
Portugal President Rear Admiral Américo Deus Rodrigues Tomás Premier António de Oliviera Salazar
Romania President of the State Council Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej Chairman of the Council of Ministers Ion Gheorghe Maurer
Rwanda President Grégoire Kayibanda
San Marino Capitani Reggenti Antonio Maria Morgani and Augustino Biordi III
(from April 1) Stelio Monterio and Leonita Suzzi-Valli
(from October 1) G. L. Franciosi and Domenico Bollini
Saudi Arabia King Saud ibn Abdul Aziz Prime Minister Prince Faisal
Senegal President Léopold Sédar Senghor
Sierra Leone Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Sir Milton Margai
Somalia President Aden Abdulla Osman Prime Minister Abd-i-Rashid Ali Shermarke
South Africa State President Charles R. Swart Prime Minister Hendrik F. Verwoerd
Soviet Union Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet Leonid I. Brezhnev Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
Spain General Francisco Franco Bahamonde
Sudan President General Ibrahim Abboud
Sweden King Gustaf VI Adolf Prime Minister Tage Fritiof Erlander
Switzerland President of the Confederation Willy Spühler
Syria President Nazam al-Koudsi
(from March 9) President of the Revolutionary Council General Louai al-Atassi
(from July 27) Major General Amin el-Hafez
Premier Khaled al-Azm
(from March 9) Salah al-Din Bitar
(from November 12) Amin al-Hafez
Tanganyika President Julius Nyerere
Thailand King Bhumibol Adulyadej Premier Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat
(from December 8) General Thanom Kittikachorn
Togo President Sylvanus Olympio
(from January 13) Nicolas Grunitsky
Trinidad and Tobago Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Prime Minister Eric Williams
Tunisia President Habib Bourguiba
Turkey President General Cemal Gursel Premier Ismet Inönü
Uganda Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
(from October 9) President Sir Edward Mutesa
Prime Minister Apollo Milton Obote
United Arab Republic President Gamal Abdel Nasser
United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
(from October 18) Sir Alec Douglas-Home
United States President John F. Kennedy
(from November 22) Lyndon B. Johnson
Upper Volta President Maurice Yaméogo
Uruguay President of the National Council Faustino Harrison
(from March 1) Daniel Fernández Crespo
Venezuela President Rómulo Betancourt
Vietnam, North President Ho Chi Minh Prime Minister Pham Van Dong
Vietnam, South President Ngo Dinh Diem
(from November 1) military
(from November 4) Premier Nguyen Ngoc Tho
Western Samoa Joint Chiefs of State Tupua Tamasese Mea'ole (to April) and Malietoa Tanumafili Prime Minister Fiame Mata'afa Faumuina Mulinu'u II
Yemen President Abdullah al-Salal  
Yugoslavia President Josip Broz Tito Chairman of the Federal Executive Council Josip Broz Tito
(from June 29) Petar Stambolic
Zanzibar Sultan Seyyid Sir Abdullah ibn Khalifa
(from July 2) Seyyid Jamshidibn Abdullah
Prime Minister Mohammed Shamte Hamadi

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The Robinson Library >> In The Year... >> 1963

This page was last updated on September 03, 2018.