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Chronology of Events
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1 Treaties establishing
the European Economic Community went into
2 The 129-mile
Connecticut Turnpike officially opened.
3 Sir Edmund Hillary
reached the South Pole after a 2,100-mile trip from the
5 French troops were sent to the French Cameroons to stop Communist rebels.
6 Peter Thorneycroft resigned as Chancellor of the Exchequer of the United Kingdom.
8 A fire in the Norwegian coastal vessel Erlingjarl blocked cabin exits causing panic and at least 14 deaths.
10 Spain became an
associate member of the Organization for European
Landslides and flood waters swept away the village of
Pachaco, Peru, killing 100 persons.
14 The Spanish
government announced the reorganization of Spanish West
Africa into the provinces of Ifni and Spanish Sahara.
16 A joint effort was
begun by British and Malayan troops and police to rid
northern Malaya of Communist rebels.
18 Lumbee Indians raided
a Ku Klux Klan rally near Maxton, North Carolina.
19 It was announced that Vivian Fuchs and a 12-man team from Ellsworth Station on the Weddell Sea had reached the South Pole.
20 Treaties signed in
Jakarta, Indonesia, ended a 16-year state of war between
Japan and Indonesia.
22 The first public television station in Puerto Rico went into operation.
23 Venezuelan President
General Marcos Pérez Jiménez was overthrown by a
26 The Japanese ferryboat Nankai Maru with 168 persons aboard sank during a storm.
The fourth session of the Baghdad (METO) Council of Ministers
convened in Amkara, Turkey.
28 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Roy Campanella was seriously injured in an auto accident in Glen Cove, New York.
29 Plans to withdraw
8,500 soldiers from West Germany were approved by the
council of the Western European Union.
30 The British House of
Lords unanimously approved a bill that would admit women
to the upper house by creating life peerages for both men
31 The United States launched its first earth satellite, Explorer I.
1 Egypt and
Syria formed the United Arab Republic.
2 Actress Rita Hayworth married film
writer-producer James Henry Hill, in Beverly Hills,
3 Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg signed treaties at The Hague, Netherlands, establishing a Benelux Economic Union.
6 A British airliner en route from Belgrade, Yugoslavia, to London, England, crashed and burned soon after taking off from Munich, Germany, killing 23 persons.
7 The Advanced Research Projects Agency was established by the U.S. Department of Defense.
8 Scientists at Osaka
University achieved a temperature of 1 million degrees C
in Japan's first controlled nuclear reaction.
9 Alfredo Stroessner was re-elected President of Paraguay.
11 Communist China's Premier Chou En-lai resigned his Foreign Minister's portfolio.
12 The Guatemalan Congress elected General Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes to a presidential term of six years.
14 Jordan and Iraq proclaimed in Amman, Jordan, the establishment of the Arab Federal State of Jordan and Iraq.
15 All 16
U.S. servicemen aboard an Air Force C-47 were killed when
the transport, en route from West Germany to Istanbul,
Turkey, crashed on Mount Vesuvius.
16 U.S. Airman Donald G. Farrell completed a 7-day simulated trip to the Moon.
19 The Communist Chinese and North Korean governments announced that all Communist Chinese forces would be withdrawn from Korea by the end of 1958.
20 Nathan Leopold, Jr.,
in Stateville Prison (Joliet, Illinois) since 1924 for
his part in the murder of Bobby Franks, was granted
21 Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected President
of the United Arab Republic.
22 Arturo Frondizi won the first free presidential election in Argentina since 1928.
24 An ammunition train
exploded near the India-Kashmire border, killing 25
26 A tornado left a 120-mile-wide path of destruction in Missisippi and killed at least 10 persons.
27 A British Wayfarer on its way to Manchester, England, crashed in a blizzard near Bolton, England, killing 35 persons.
28 A school bus crashed
into a river at Prestonsburg, Kentucky; 27 persons
1 The Turkish passenger ferry Usküdar sank in a squall, killing at least 238 persons.
Premier Constantine Karamanlis resigned in a dispute with
3 Richard A. Mack resigned as a member of the Federal Communications Commission in the midst of a congressional inquiry into his activities.
5 The American dress
industry was hit by its first general strike since 1933.
7 An in-air collision of
a U.S. Marine Corps transport plane and a Marine jet
fighter over Okinawa killed the jet's pilot and all 25
persons aboard the transport.
9 The Kanman Tunnel between Japan's Honshu and Kyushu islands was opened to traffic.
10 An Argentine Air Force jet fighter exploded in flight and crashed in the street of a suburb of Buenos Aires, Argentina, killing 10 persons, half of them children.
11 A U.S. Air Force B-47 accidentally dropped an atomic bomb on Florence, South Carolina.
14 It was announced in
Tehran, Iran, that Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi had
divorced Queen Soraya because of her failure to produce
a male heir to the throne.
17 The United States Navy launched Vanguard I.
19 The first session of the European Parliamentary Assembly convened in Strasbourg, France.
20 The Sudan held its first general election since the achievement of independence in 1956.
21 At least 16 persons died in Damat, Egypt, when an oven caught fire and the flames were spread to several buildings by pigeons.
Greek coastal vessel Dodecanessos sank in a
hurricane; all 20 persons aboard were presumed drowned.
24 Elvis Presley
was inducted into the U.S. Army in Memphis, Tennessee.
25 Sugar Ray Robinson reclaimed his world middleweight boxing title for an unprecedented fifth time.
26 The United States launched Explorer III into orbit.
27 Nikita Khrushchev succeeded Nikolai
Bulganin as Premier of the U.S.S.R.
31 The Soviet Union
announced a halt in its atomic and hydrogen weapons
1 Fidel Castro began an all-out offensive against the government of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista.
5 New York Governor
Averell Harriman signed a bill outlawing age
discrimination in employment.
A Capitol Airlines Viscount airplane crashed while
attempting to land at Tri-City Airport near Midland, Michigan,
killing all 44 persons aboard.
8 An Ecuadoran airliner with 32 persons aboard went down in the jungle somewhere between Guayaquil and Quito, Ecuador.
11 The merger of Daimler-Benz and Autounion was announced.
13 The St. Louis Hawks won their first National Basketball Association championship by defeating the Boston Celtics.
14 A Spanish airliner
plunged into the Mediterranean Sea near Barcelona, Spain,
killing all 16 persons aboard.
15 Fire in New York's Museum of Modern Art killed a workman and caused an estimated $32,000 structural damage.
17 The government of
French Premier Félix Gaillard was defeated by the French
underwater explosion aboard a sunken U.S. munitions ship
near Naha, Okinawa, killed 40 salvage workers.
19 Frajo Mihalic won the 62nd Boston Marathon.
A United Airlines DC-7 with 49 persons aboard was struck
in flight by a U.S. Air Force F-110A Super Sabre jet
carrying two men near Las Vegas, Nevada; all were killed.
22 The first Parliament of the Federation of the West Indies was opened in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, by Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom.
24 Cape Hatteras National Seashore was dedicated.
25 Swedish Prime Minister Tage Erlander's Socialist Cabinet was overthrown by the lower house of Parliament.
26 Constitutional guarantees were suspended in Cuba.
28 The first Irish Air
Line flight left Dublin, Ireland, for New York City, New
30 A state of emergency was declared on Malta by Governor Sir Robert Laycock to control anti-British strikes and unrest.
1 Arturo Frondizi was inaugurated President of Argentina.
2 The provisional government of Haiti proclaimed a state of siege.
3 Tim Tam, ridden by Ismael Valenzuela, won the Kentucky Derby.
4 Alberto Lleras Camargo was elected President of Colombia.
5 London, England, bus services were suspended by the first full busmen's strike since 1937.
7 A coal
mine near Nagasaki, Japan, was flooded; 29 miners were
8 U.S. Vice-President Richard Nixon and his wife were met with
catcalls and stone throwing while on a goodwill visit to
9 The last four Nazi war criminals held by the United States were revealed to have been paroled.
10 The Boston
(Massachusetts) Globe moved to a new plant in
11 Twelve miners were trapped when a gold mine in Malaya flooded.
12 King Mohammed V of Morocco installed a new cabinet headed by Ahmed Balafrej as Premier.
13 The French Army, led
by General Jacques Massu, seized control of Algeria.
14 A three-day strike
against the Canadian Pacific Railway by 3,000 firemen was
15 A Pakistan National
Airways Convair crashed and burned after taking off from
New Delhi, India, killing 21 persons.
16 An F-104 set a world speed record of 1,404 miles per hour.
17 A gas explosion wrecked a seven-story building and killed 15 persons in Paris, France.
18 A Belgian DC-8 airliner en route to the Belgian Congo smashed through a military building in Casablanca, Morocco, during an emergency landing, killing 65 persons.
20 A mid-air collision between a Capital Airlines passenger plane and a Maryland Air National Guard jet trainer over Brunswick, Maryland, killed 12 persons.
21 A train derailment near Bombay, India, killed 30 persons and injured 41.
22 Eight Nike missiles
exploded at an army missile launching base at Leonardo,
New Jersey, killing 6 servicemen and 4 civilians.
least 18 persons were killed when the village of
Shahkoubeh, Iran, was flooded.
24 A flash food killed 18 persons in Çhankiri, Turkey.
26 Lt. Col. George A.
Flint, chairman of the UN Israel-Jordan Mixed Armistice
Commission, was killed by Israeli-Jordanian crossfire on
28 French Premier Pierre
Pfimlin submitted his resignation to President René
29 Federalized National Guardsmen were removed from Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
remains of unknown U.S. soldiers killed in World War II
and Korea were interred at the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington
31 Charles De Gaulle was named Premier-Designate of France.
2 All 45 persons aboard a Mexican Lockheed Constellation died when the airliner crashed in the mountains during a rainstorm while en route from Tijuana to Mexico City, Mexico.
3 The government of Belgian Prime Minister Achille Van Acker resigned.
Premier Charles De Gaulle offered equal participation in Algerian government to Moslems.
6 Moslem rebels attacked
Lebanese government forces in the Tripoli-Halba area.
8 A U.S. Sikorsky H-19
helicopter with nine men aboard made a forced landing on
East German territory and was seized by East German
9 A gas
explosion inside a coal mine near Sunakawa, Japan, killed
10 A tornado that struck El Dorado, Kansas, caused 13 deaths.
13 A dust
storm in western Pakistan killed 12 persons.
16 A Cruzeiro do Sul
Convair hit a tree while landing in a storm near
Curitiba, Brazil, killing 21 of the 27 persons aboard.
17 France agreed to
withdraw all troops in Tunisian territory to the Bizerte
naval and air base.
18 Wilt Chamberlain announced that he had joined the Harlem Globetrotters.
19 The Canadian House of Commons approved the North American Air Defense Command Agreement.
21 A 2-1/2-year suspension of school integration in Little Rock, Arkansas, was ordered by U.S. District Judge Harry J. Lemley.
22 A train plunged down
a mountain near Orizaba, Mexico, killing 20 persons.
24 A mid-air collision
between a French Air Force combat helicopter and a
fighter plane near Algiers, Algeria, killed 11 soldiers.
26 A train derailment near Johannesburg, South Africa, killed 20 persons.
27 The U.S. Air Force Academy had four complete classes enrolled for the first time in its history.
28 The Mackinac Bridge was dedicated.
30 The Alaska Statehood Bill was passed by the U.S. Senate, 64-20.
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