Miscellaneous Awards and Honors
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||George C. de Hevesy,
winner of the 1943 Nobel Prize in
Chemistry, was named on November 26 the
recipient of the $75,000 Atoms
for Peace Award.
Sir Winston Churchill
was awarded the Freedom
Leadership Award by the Freedoms
Foundation; the award was announced on
May 29 in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
The 1958 Humane
Act Award was won by Grace
Elizabeth Fainelli of Schenectady, New
York, for outstanding kindness to
Listebarger, a teacher at Edwards
Elementary School in Ames, Iowa, was
named National Teacher of the
Dr. Lonnie A. Coffin of Farmington,
Iowa, was named the American Medical
Association's Outstanding Family
Physician of the Year.
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
awards to U.S. citizens for contributions
to human progress were made on April 28
to Wernher von Braun, Jonas E. Salk, J. Edgar
Hoover, Charles F. Kettering,
Calla E. Varner, Allan B. Kline, and
The World Brotherhood
gave citations to Rochester, New York,
and Worthington, Minnesota, for
community-wide activity in promoting
international friendship and
understanding with communities overseas.
May Roper Coker, a mother of eight from
Hartsville, South Carolina, was chosen American
Mother of 1958 on May 6.
Victor Borge, Walter Cronkite, Milton S. Eisenhower,
Harry Hershfield, Martin Mayer, Sugar Ray
Robinson, and Peter Ustinov were named National
Fathers of the Year by the
National Fathers Day Committee on May 22
in New York, New York.
Huston of Bellingham, Washington, was
named 1958 Polio Mother of the
Year in January.
discoveries bearing on biochemical bases
of thought and behavior, Erna Leanhardt
Gibbs received the American
Woman's Association's Achievement Award.
Louise W. Ilse, associate
manager for Equitable Life Assurance
Society, was voted Business Woman
of the Year.
The American Medical Women's
Association named Dr. Eleanor M.
Humphreys, professor of pathology at the
University of Chicago, as its Medical
Woman of the Year.
Eleanor Roosevelt headed
the annual list of the Most
Admired Women in the United
States for the 11th consecutive year, the
Gallup Poll reported on January 15. Queen Elizabeth II of
the United Kingdom ranked second, Clare Boothe Luce third.
York Women's Bar Association
lauded the achievements of Birdie
Amsterdam, Justice of the Supreme Court
of New York.
Lady of the Year award was
presented to Army nurse Lieutenant
Colonel Ruby Bradley by Philippines
General Carlos Romulo.
Ruddick, a 15-year-old from Seymour,
Indiana, was named Boy of the
Year by the Boys' Clubs of
Because of her oustanding 4-H
achievements, leadership, citizenship,
and many church, school, and community
activities, 19-year-old Judy Russell of
Madera County, California was named
1958's Miss Young America in 4-H.
In her eight years of 4-H work she
completed between 50 and 60 home
economics and agricultural projects.
Seven-year-old Susan Gratzel of
Teaneck, New Jersey, was named Little
Miss Muffin at the Associated
Retail Bakers of America convention in
New York City, New York, on April 27.
Farmers of America Star Farmer of
America award of $1,000 went to
James J. Jarnagin, Jr., of Jetmore,
Kansas. Regional Star Farmer awards of
$500 each went to Ethan Labrier, Kenton,
Oklahoma; Malcolm Niles, Loleta,
California; and James Speer, Blairs
Mississippi, Mary Ann Mobley, won the
1959 Miss America title
in Atlantic City, New Jersey, on
Universe of 1958 title was won
by Luz Marina Zuloaga of Colombia on July
25 in Long Beach, California.
Mrs. Helen Giesse
of Cleveland, Ohio, was named Mrs.
America of 1958 on May 10 in Ft.
||Boris Pasternak was
named winner of the 1958 Nobel Prize
for Literature on October 23. After
attacks upon him by Soviet literary
groups and threatened expulsion from the
U.S.S.R., Pasternak refused the $41,420
cash prize on October 29. The Prize for
Physics went to Pavel Cherenkov, Ilya M.
Frank, and Igor E. Tamm. The Chemistry
Prize was awarded to Frederick Sanger.
The Prize for Physiology or Medicine was
awarded to George Beadle, Edward
Tatum, and Joshua Lederberg. The Peace
Prize was awarded on December 10 to the Reverend Dominique Georges
Henri Piré of Belgium, a Dominican
priest, for his aid to persons displaced
during World War II.
Einstein Medal and $5,000 award
of the Lewis and Rosa Strauss Memorial
Fund were given to Dr. Edward Teller.
General Edward P. Curtis was named winner
of the 1957 Collier Trophy
by the National Aeronautics Association
on December 8.
Eugene Paul Wigner, professor of
mathematical physics at Princeton
University, received the U.S. Atomic
Energy Commission's Enrico Fermi
Award -- $50,000 and a gold
medal -- on December 2.
Harmon International Aviation
Trophies were awarded to General
Curtis E. LeMay, vice-chief of staff of
the U.S. Air Force, and U.S. Navy
Commander Jack R. Hunt. LeMay had piloted
a stratotanker on a record jet flight
from Westover Air Force Base, near
Springfield, Massachusetts, to Buenos
Aires, Argentina, in 1957. Hunt kept a
nonrigid airship aloft for 11 days.
For leading the first overland
crossing of the Antarctic continent, Sir
Vivian E. Fuchs received the Hubbard
Medal of the National Geographic
Dr. Paul A. Siple won the Royal
Geographic Society Patron's Medal
in March. Siple had been to the Antarctic
six times. The first occasion was in
1928, when, as an Eagle Scout, he
accompanied Admiral Richard E. Byrd on
his first expedition.
Reinier Beeuwkes III, 17, won first
prize, a $7,500 scholarship, in the Science
Talent Search. Dushan Mitrovich,
18, was second. Both were from Newton
High School, Newtonville, Massachusetts.
Raymond Firth, professor of
anthropology at the London School of
Economics and Politics, University of
London, was awardedthe Viking
Fund Medal in general
anthropology for 1958.
The National Aeronautic Association
awarded the 1958 Wright Brothers
Memorial Trophy to Dr. John
Francis Victory, assistant to the chief
of the National Aeronautics and Space
||On August 18 Rear
Admiral Hyman G. Rickover was voted a
special Gold Medal by a
joint resolution of the U.S. Senate and
House of Representatives in recognition
of his part in the development and
construction of the world's first atomic
U.S. Navy Commander William
R. Anderson, captain of the nuclear
submarine Nautilus that
cruised under the North Pole, was awarded
the Legion of Merit by
President Dwight Eisenhower in August.
Former chairman of the Atomic Energy
Commission, Lewis L. Strauss, for his
work in aiding U.S. security, was
presented with the Medal of
Freedom by President Dwight
Eisenhower on July 14.
Awards for distinguished
achievement in television and radio for
1957 were announced April 2, 1958.
Network radio-TV special awards went to
the National Broadcasting System for its
educational programs and to the
Westinghouse Broadcasting Company for its
Boston, Massachusetts, conference and
public service programs. A local radio
education award was won by WKAR, East
Lansing, Michigan; and a public service
award by KPFA-FM, Berkeley, California.
Alexandra Danilova won the 7th annual Capezio
Award for her contributions to
Institute of Arts and Letters
awarded a gold medal for architecture to
Henry R. Shepley; a gold medal for poetry
to Conrad Aiken; an award for
distinguished service to the arts to
Lincoln Kirstein, general director of the
New York City Ballet Company; and its
Brunner Memorial Prize in Architecture to
Prize winners for 1958 included:
Fiction -- James Agee, for his posthumous
novel A Death in the Family;
Poetry -- Robert Penn Warren, for Promises:
Poems 1954-1956; Meritorious Public
Service -- Little Rock (Arkansas)
Gazette, for its coverage of the
school integration crisis.; Local
Reporting Under Deadline Conditions -- Fargo
(North Dakota) Forum, for
coverage of a tornado that swept the city
on June 20, 1957; Editorial Writing --
Harry S. Ashmore, executive editor of the
Little Rock Gazette, for
editorials at the time of the Little Rock
school integration crisis; News
Photography -- William C. Beall, Washington
(D.C.) Daily News, for
"Faith and Confidence"; and a
Special Citation to Walter Lippmann,
nationally syndicated columnist.
||The Beta Phi
Mu Award for Distinguished Service to
Education for Librarianship went
to Florence Van Hoesen, professor of
librarianship at Syracuse University.
Moore won the Poetry Award of the Boston
Children voted to give the Dorothy
Canfield Fisher Children's Book Award
to Beverly Cleary's Fifteen.
The Society of American Historians
presented its Francis Parkman
Prize to Arthur M. Schlesinger,
Jr., for The Crisis of the Old Order,
Robert Frost was awarded the Huntington
Hartford Foundation Prize.
The second International Hans
Christian Andersen Medal was
given to Astrid Lindgren of Sweden for Rasmus
Library Association's Liberty
and Justice Book Awards of
$5,000 each were made at the ALA
conference in San Francisco, California.
George S. Counts won the award in the
category of contemporary affairs and
problems for The Soviet Education;
Herbert Feis in history and biography for
Churshill, Roosevelt, Stalin;
and Len Giovannitti in imaginative
literature for The Prisoners of
The Lippincott Award
of $500 for distinguished service to
librarianship was won by Carleton B.
Joeckel of Berkeley, California.
The Melvil Dewey Nedal
for creative professional achievement of
a high order was presented to Janet S.
Dickson, catalog librarian of
Pennsylvania State University Library.
The National Book Award
for Poetry went to Robert Penn Warren for
Promises: Poems 1954-1956. The
Award for Fiction went to John Cheever
for The Wapshot Chronicle. The
Nonfiction Award went to Catherine
Drinker Bowen for The Lion and the
Robert Frost was awarded the Poetry
Society of America's Gold Medal.
The Prix Goncourt,
the most important French literary award,
went to Francis Walder for his historical
novel Saint-Germain, on La
Children voted to give the William
Allen White Children's Book Award
to White Falcon by Elliott
||Reuben C. Thomas was
named the National Driver of the
Year by the American Trucking
Association. He was cited for his
585,000-mile accident-free record and for
his heroism in rescuing a woman from a
burning automobile that was also charged
with electricity from a fallen power
General Alfred Gruenther and
Admiral Hyman G. Rickover won the Theodore
Roosevelt Distinguished Service Medal
Markova received the Order of
Commander of the the British Empire
from Queen Elizabeth II.
Konrad Adenauer was made
an honorary member of the (Roman
Catholic) Order of German Knights
on March 10 in Cologne, Germany, for his
services to the Christian West.
Sir Winston Churchill
was decorated with the Order of
the Liberation in Paris, France,
on November 6.
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