Chronology of Events in 1947
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1 The United
States Atomic Energy Commission assumed from the
U.S. Army the management of the nation's atomic
energy development program.
The law granting the right of Canadian citizenship to every
native-born Canadian and to all who take out
citizenship papers went into effect.
1 Great Britain nationalized the
country's coal mines.
Three persons were killed an 16 injured when a
transport plane en route from Miami, Florida, to
Newark, New Jersey, crashed in a heavy snow storm
near Vineland, New Jersey.
U.S. Secretary of State James F. Byrnes resigned.
The Cabinet of Peru resigned.
Georgia Governor Ellis Arnall resigned in favor
of Lieutenant Governor M. E. Thompson.
11 The entire Cabinet of
An Eastern Airlines DC-3 crashed during a
rainstorm near Galax, Virginia, killing 18 of the
19 persons aboard.
Vincent Auriol was elected President of the French
The horribly mutilated body of Elizabeth Short
was found in Los Angeles, California.
15 Fifteen coal miners
were killed and two others injured in a gas
explosion at the Nottingham mine of the Glen
Alden Coal Company at Plymouth, Pennsylvania.
Seven persons were killed and 70 injured when a
Southern Pacific passenger train struck a broken
rail and derailed 12 miles northwest of
Three hundred and ninety-two people were killed
when the Greek steamer Himara sank after
striking a mine off Rafina, Greece.
The entire Italian cabinet resigned.
Paul Ramadier was named Prime Minister of France.
21 General George C. Marshall succeeded James F. Byrnes as U.S.
Secretary of State.
Dimitrios Maximos became Prime Minister of
24 An earthquake killed two
persons and caused considerable damage at Puerto
la Union, El Salvador, and to several Nicaraguan
Former Chicago crime boss Al Capone died.
A Royal Dutch Airlines plane crashed just after
taking off from Kastrup (Denmark) Airport,
killing all 22 persons aboard.
U.S. Army fliers, most of them combat veterans,
died when a B-29 crashed soon after taking off on
a training mission from Kirtland Field, New
27 Four persons were
killed and 36 injured when the Pennsylvania
Railroad's "Union" passenger train
struck a bale of fencing wire and derailed at
27 José Giral y Pereira
resigned as Premier of the Spanish
government-in-exile in Paris, France.
28 An encounter
between the Bolivian Army and tin workers left 22
workers killed and another 64 wounded.
28 Burma was granted the right
to elect a Constituent Assembly and form an
interim government as a step toward indendence.
29 The United
States announced an end to its efforts to mediate
a truce between the Kutomintang and Communists in
caused more than 20 deaths and injured about 100
in Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia, Arkansas, and
31 William John
McKell became Governor-General of Australia.
1 Edwin Land demonstrated
the Polaroid Land Camera.
1 Augusto Barcia y Trelles was
appointed Premier of the Spanish
government-in-exile by President Diego Martínez
Stefan Johann Stefansson became Prime
Minister of Iceland.
3 Leonardo Arguello was elected
President of Nicaragua.
Four persons were killed and 64 injured when a
Southern Pacific streamliner smashed into an oil
truck that was crossing the tracks ahead of the
train at Kingsburg, California.
6 A mob of
Bolivian Indians attacked the proprietors of
several haciendas in the Cochabamba District,
killing several of them.
6 Józef Cyrankiewicz was named Prime
Minister of Poland.
7 The New York
State Athletic Commission revoked Rocky
Graziano's boxing license.
9 About 150
persons were killed in a dance hall fire in the
British Zone of Berlin, Germany.
Italy signed the post-World War II peace treaty.
12 Actor Sidney
15 A Colombian
Avianca Airlines plane crashed into Mount
Tablazo, northwest of Bogotá, Colombia, killing
Seventeen persons were confirmed killed and at
least 85 others injured when a passenger train
derailed about 10 miles west of Altoona,
Seventeen persons were killed when a plating
works exploded in Los
28 A P-82
completed the longest nonstop flight ever made by
a fighter plane, 4,978 miles, from Hawaii to New
York, in 14 hours 33 minutes.
Chiang Kai-shek replaced T. V. Soong as President
of China's Executive Yuan.
1 The International
Monetary Fund began its
The United Kingdom and France signed a mutual
defense and economic assistance treaty at
Enrique Hertzog was inaugurated as
President of Bolivia.
General Lucius D. Clay was appointed
Commander of United States forces in Europe.
General Motors founder William C. Durant died.
18 The government of Paraguay
decreed a state of war against rebel forces.
Foreign Minister Paul-Henri Spaak became Prime
Minister of Belgium.
The U.S. Congress submitted the 22nd Amendment,
limiting a President to two full elected terms,
to the states for ratification.
An explosion inside a coal mine near Centralia,
Illinois, killed 111 men.
Holy Cross College defeated the University of
Oklahoma 58-47 to win the 1946-47 N.C.A.A. Basketball Championship.
An undersea earthquake caused a tsunami which
inundated Gisborne, New Zealand.
26 The United Nations
Trusteeship Council met for the first time.
Forty people were killed and 137 wounded in
rioting in Bombay, India.
31 The United
States ended the government monopoly over the
purchase and import of natural rubber.
31 The U.S. Draft Law expired.
King George II of Greece died.
An explosion and fire at a fireworks
manufacturing plant in Clinton, Misouri, killed
12 persons and injured 3 others.
2 The United Nations Security
Council made the Marshall, Caroline, and Mariana
Islands trusteeships of the United States.
Two passengers were killed and 34 persons were
injured when the "Pam City Zephyr"
derailed and crashed into the railroad station at
Downers Grove, Illinois.
Ford Motors founder Henry Ford died.
7 A nationwide strike against
the American Telephone and Telegraph Company and
the Bell System began.
9 The U.S.
Senate confirmed the appointment of David E.
Lilienthal as chairman of the Atomic Energy
10 The first
television program ever transmitted from a
submerged submarine occurred, aboard the Trumpetfish.
10 An explosion
deep inside a coal mine near Exeter,
Pennsylvania, killed 9 miners and injured 9
15 Jackie Robinson became the first black
to play in a Major League Baseball game.
series of explosions all but destroyed Texas
City, Texas, and killed 468 persons.
King Christian X of Denmark died.
20 The last 32 Japanese soldiers
on the Pacific island of Peleliu surrendered.
Nine persons were killed when a special Delta
Airplanes plane carrying 8 employees collided
with a private plane while landing at Columbus,
Terrorists blew up a train near Rehovoth,
Palestine, killing 8 persons and injuring 41.
23 Chang Chun
succeeded Chiang Kai-shek as President of the
Executive Yuan of China.
Willa Cather died.
Roosevelt National Memorial Park was established.
Thirty-six persons were injured when the
"Argonaut" passenger strain struck a
broken rail at Ontario, California.
The Kingdom of Siam became the 55th member of the
India's Constituent Assembly ended the legal
existence of the "untouchable caste."
30 RCA demonstrated its
all-electronic color television system at the
Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
of 11 men working in the Spring Hill coal mine
near Terre Haute, Indiana, were killed by an
30 Tornadoes and
high winds that swept through northwest Arkansas
and southwest Missouri left three towns in ruins
and a death toll of at least 21 persons.
1 A parade of workers at Piano dei Greci,
Sicily, Italy, was machine-gunned by men of
unknown identity and motive; ten persons were
killed and 33 were wounded.
1 Five persons were killed 45
others injured when the passenger train
"American" was ripped open by sheet
steel jutting from a moving freight train near
The Kentucky Derby was won by Maine Chance Farm's
Jet Pilot, Eric Guerin up.
4 The Mayor of
Havana, Cuba, Manuel Fernandez Supervielle,
Allied-imposed constitution went into effect in
Philippine President Manuel A. Roxas' personal
airplane crashed on Katanglad Mountain, killing
16 government officials and military men; the
President was not aboard.
18 A U.S. Navy pilot and 2
schoolboys were killed when a fighter jet went
out of control during an airshow and crashed on a
school playground in Burlington, Iowa.
20 A total
eclipse of the Sun was "observed," with
the best views being in Brazil.
20 The restored Reichenbach
Synagogue of Munich, Germany, was rededicated.
20 The first Japanese Parliament
under the country's post-war constitution met.
21 The United
States Maritime Commission returned to private
carriers the ships which had been requisitioned
for service during World War II.
21 The 28 white men on trial in
Greeneville, South Carolina, for lynching a black
man were acquitted on all charges.
24 Tetsu Katayama became Prime
Minister of Japan.
government of Nicaragua was seized by the
Nicaraguan Army under former President General
A United Airlines passenger plane crashed while
attempting to take off from La Guardia Field in
New York, New York, killing 43 persons.
29 The crash of an Icelandic
Airways plane in northern Iceland killed 25
Mauri Rose won the 500-mile Memorial Day race at
30 An Eastern
Airlines plane bound for Miami, Florida, crashed
into a wooded area near Bainbridge, Maryland,
killing all 53 persons aboard.
Lajos Dinnyés replaced Ferenc Nagy as Prime
Minister of Hungary.
31 Six persons were killed when
a tornado destroyed most of Leedey, Oklahoma.
A huge tornado killed at least 34 persons,
injured hundreds more, and damaged hundreds of
structures in and around Pine Bluff, Arkansas.
Frank Hague abruptly retired as Mayor of Jersey
City, New Jersey, after 30 years in office.
5 The U.S.
Senate ratified the peace treaties with Italy,
Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria.
Washburn became the first woman to reach the
summit of Mount McKinley.
A Capital Airlines plane flying from Chicago,
Illinois, to Washington, D.C. crashed into a
mountain near Hillsboro, Virginia, killing all 50
Constituent Assembly of Burma began its first
Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel was shot and
killed at his home in Beverly Hills, California.
Everglades National Park was
Eleven persons were killed when the oil tanker Markay
exploded in Los Angeles (California) Harbor.
Taft-Hartley Act went into effect.
Boxer Jimmy Doyle died several hours
after being knocked out by Ray Robinson in a
World Welterweight Title bout.
30 THe U.S.
House of Representatives voted to admit Hawaii to
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