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The Nobel Prize for Physics

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is responsible for the selection of the Nobel Laureates in Physics.

obverse of the Nobel Prize for Physics

The medal represents Nature in the form a goddess representing Isis, emerging from the clouds and holding in her arms a cornucopia. The veil which covers her cold and austere face is held up by the Genius of Science. The inscription reads: Inventas vitam juvat excoluisse per artes, which translates to "inventions enhance life which is beautified through art." The medal was designed by Erik Lindberg, and is the same as that given to winners of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

1901-1910 | 1911-1920 | 1921-1930 | 1931-1940 | 1941-1950 | 1951-1960 | 1961-1970 | 1971-1980 | 1981-1990 | 1991-2000 | 2001-2010 | 2011-

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1901 Wilhelm Konrad Röntgen
1902 Hendrik A. Lorentz, Pieter Zeeman
1903 Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie
1904 Baron Rayleigh
1905 Philipp Lenard
1906 J.J. Thomson
1907 Albert A. Michelson
1908 Gabriel Lippmann
1909 Guglielmo Marconi, Ferdinand Braun
1910 Johannes Diderik van der Waals

1911 Wilhelm Wien
1912 Gustaf Dalén
1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
1914 Max von Laue
1915 William Bragg, Lawrence Bragg
1916 no award given
1917
Charles Glover Barkla
1918 Max Planck
1919 Johannes Stark
1920 Charles Edouard Guillaume

1921 Albert Einstein
1922 Niels Bohr
1923 Niels Bohr
1924
Manne Siegbahn
1925 James Franck, Gustav Hertz
1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin
1927 Arthur H. Compton, C.T.R. Wilson
1928 Owen Willans Richardson
1929 Louis de Broglie
1930 Sir Venkata Raman

1931 no award given
1932 Werner Heisenberg
1933 Erwin Schrödinger, Paul A.M. Dirac
1934 no award given
1935 James Chadwick
1936 Victor F. Hess, Carl D. Anderson
1937 Clinton Davisson, George Paget Thomson
1938 Enrico Fermi
1939 Ernest Lawrence
1940 no award given

1941 no award given
1942
no award given
1943
Otto Stern
1944
Isidor Isaac Rabi
1945 Wolfgang Pauli
1946 Percy W. Bridgman
1947 Edward V. Appleton
1948 Patrick M.S. Blackett
1949 Hideki Yukawa
1950 Cecil Powell

1951 John Cockcroft, Ernest T.S. Walton
1952 Felix Bloch, E.M. Purcell
1953 Fritz Zernike
1954 Max Born, Walther Bothe
1955 Willis E. Lamb, Polykarp Kusch
1956
William B. Shockley, John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain
1957 Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee
1958 Pavel A. Cherenkov, Ilya M. Frank, Igor Y. Tamm
1959 Emilio Segrè, Owen Chamberlain
1960 Donald A. Glaser

1961 Robert Hofstadter, Rudolf Mössbauer
1962 Lev Landau
1963 Eugene Wigner, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, J. Hans D. Jensen
1964 Charles H. Townes, Nicolay G. Basov, Aleksandr M. Prokhorov
1965 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard P. Feynman
1966 Alfred Kastler
1967
Hans Bethe
1968 Luis Alvarez
1969 Murray Gell-Mann
1970 Hannes Alfvén, Louis Néel

1971 Dennis Gabor
1972 John Bardeen, Leon N. Cooper, Robert Schrieffer
1973 Leo Esaki, Ivar Giaever, Brian D. Josephson
1974 Martin Ryle, Antony Hewish
1975 Aage N. Bohr, Ben R. Mottelson, James Rainwater
1976 Burton Richter, Samuel C.C. Ting
1977 Philip W. Anderson, Sir Nevill F. Mott, John H. van Vleck
1978 Pyotr Kapitsa, Arno Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson
1979 Sheldon Glashow, Abdus Salam, Steven Weinberg
1980 James Cronin, Val Fitch

1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen, Arthur L. Schawlow, Kai M. Siegbahn
1982
Kenneth G. Wilson
1983
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, William A. Fowler
1984
Carlo Rubbia, Simon van der Meer
1985
Klaus von Klitzing
1986
Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer
1987
J. Georg Bednorz, K. Alex Müller
1988
Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz, Jack Steinberger
1989
Norman F. Ramsey, Hans G. Dehmelt, Wolfgang Paul
1990
Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall, Richard E. Taylor

1991 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
1992
Georges Charpak
1993
Russell A. Hulse, Joseph H. Taylor Jr.
1994
Bertram N. Brockhouse, Clifford G. Shull
1995
Martin L. Perl, Frederick Reines
1996
David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, Robert C. Richardson
1997
Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, William D. Phillips
1998
Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer, Daniel C. Tsui
1999
Gerardus 't Hooft, Martinus J.G. Veltman
2000
Zhores I. Alferov, Herbert Kroemer, Jack S. Kilby

2001 Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle, Carl E. Wieman
2002
Raymond Davis Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, Riccardo Giacconi
2003
Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Anthony J. Leggett
2004
David J. Gross, H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek
2005
Roy J. Glauber, John L. Hall, Theodor W. Hänsch
2006
John C. Mather, George F. Smoot
2007
Albert Fert, Peter Grünberg
2008 Yoichiro Nambu, Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa
2009 George K. Kao, Willard S. Boyle, George E. Smith
2010
Andre Geim, Konstantin Novoselov

2011 Saul Perlmutter, Brian P. Schmidt, Adam G. Riess
2012
Serge Haroche, David J. Wineland
2013
François Englert, Peter W. Higgs
2014
Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, Shuji Nakamura
2015 Takaaki Kajita, Arthur B. McDonald
2016
David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane, J. Michael Kosterlitz

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This page was last updated on October 04, 2017.