in 1876, Johns Hopkins University was the first
university in the Western Hemisphere to be based
on the European research institution, with a
mission both to teach and to advance human
knowledge through discovery. It was also the
first American university to teach through
seminars, and the first in the United States to
offer an undergraduate major (as opposed to a
purely liberal arts curriculum). Today, Johns
Hopkins is first among all U.S. universities in
receipt of federal research and development
funds. The university was named for Baltimore
merchant Johns Hopkins, whose $7 million bequest
was used to finance its establishment.
Homewood, the main campus of
Johns Hopkins, is located in northern Baltimore,
Maryland. Covering 140 acres, it was once the
estate of Charles Carroll. The Krieger School of
Arts and Sciences, Whiting School of Engineering,
School of Education, and Carey Business School
are all located on the Homewood Campus.
The schools of Medicine, Public
Health, and Nursing share a campus in eastern
Baltimore with the Johns Hopkins Hospital.
The Peabody Institute, a
university-operated research institution, is
located in downtown Baltimore.
The Paul H. Nitze School of
Advanced International Studies is located in the
Dupont Circle area of Washington, D.C.
The Applied Physics Laboratory,
a division of the university that is co-equal
with the schools but which has a non-academic,
research-based mission, is located between
Baltimore and Washington.
Johns Hopkins University also
has a campus near Rockville in Montgomery County,
Maryland, as well as academic facilities in
Nanjing, China, and Bologna, Italy.
In 1873, Baltimore merchant
Johns Hopkins bequeathed $7 million -- mostly in
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad stock -- for the
purpose of establishing a hospital and
institutions of higher learning. The single
largest act of private philanthropy in U.S.
history to that time, the money was subsequently
used to establish the Johns Hopkins Colored
Children Orphan Asylum (1875), the Johns Hopkins
University (1876), the Johns Hopkins Press
(1878), the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns
Hopkins School of Nursing (1889), and the Johns
Hopkins University of Medicine (1893).
Johns Hopkins opened as
America's first research university on February
22, 1876, with Daniel Coit Gilman as its first
president, and the first class graduated in June
name (year of degree) -- achievement
William Foxwell Albright (1916)
-- authenticator of Dead Sea Scrolls
Virginia Apgar (1959) -- developed Apgar score to
assess health of newborns
Dominic Argento (1950-1954) -- Pulitzer
John Astin (1952) -- actor
Russell Baker (1947) -- Pulitzer Prize-winning
Wolf Blitzer (1972) -- journalist, CNN anchor
Michael Bloomberg (1964) -- Mayor of New York
Leroy Burney (1932) -- U.S. Surgeon General,
1956-1961, the first federal official to publicly
identify cigarette smoke as a cause of lung
Rachel Carson (1932) -- biologist, ecologist,
Denton A. Cooley (1944) -- performed first
successful heart transplant in the U.S. and first
implantation of total artificial heart in a human
Wes Craven (1964) -- horror film director (Nightmare
on Elm Street, Scream, etc.)
John Dewey (1884) -- philosopher, social critic
D.A. Henderson (1960) -- led WHO effort that
Kweisi Mfume (1984) -- former president of NAACP
Florence Rena Sabin (1900) --
Woodrow Wilson (1886) -- 28th President of the United
Johns Hopkins's official website is www.johnshopkins.edu.
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