The first modern university in
India, is located in Kolkata (Calcutta), in the
state of West Bengal. The university has a
student body of about 100,000 undergraduates and
In 1845, the Council of
Education formulated a proposal for establishment
of a University of Calcutta along the lines of
London University, but the plan was not approved.
In 1854, the Court of Directors of the East India
Company sent a dispatch to the Governor-General
of India in Council suggesting establishment of
universities at Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay;
this time the proposal was accepted. The
University of Calcutta was subsequently
established by an Act of the Legislative Council,
which was signed on January 24, 1857. Lord
Canning, then Governor-General of India in
Council, was named Chancellor, and Sir James
William Colville, then Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court, was named Vice-Chancellor.
In 1858, Joddu Nath Bose and
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay became the first
Indians to graduate from an Indian university.
For the first several years of
its existence the university held classes in a
variety of locations around Calcutta. The first
building to be constructed specifically for the
university, Senate Hall, was dedicated on March
In 1882, Kadambini Gangula and
Chandramukhi Basu became the first Indian females
to graduate from a university located anywhere in
the British Empire.
In 1890, Gooroodas Banerjee
became the first Indian Vice-Chancellor of
In 1917, all post-graduate
teaching in Calcutta was centralized under the
direct and immediate control of the University
Calcutta University consists of
55 departments, organized into eight faculties:
Agriculture; Arts; Commerce, Social Welfare and
Business Management; Education, Journalism and
Library Science; Engineering and Technology; Fine
Arts, Music and Home Science; Law; and, Science.
The university is also home to
eighteen research centers.
The official website of
Calcutta University is www.caluniv.ac.in.
Questions or comments about