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bI og' ra fE, n. a written account of another person's life


John Jacob AstorJohn Jacob Astor
started in the fur business in 1784, and by 1800 had a net worth of $250,000. In 1811 one of his companies founded what is now Astoria, Oregon, and by the early 1820's he had a total monopoly on fur trade in the United States.
Elizabeth Patterson BonaparteElizabeth Patterson Bonaparte
was, for a couple of years, the sister-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of France. Unfortunately, Napoleon did not agree with her marriage to his younger brother, and had the marriage annulled.
Andrew CarnegieAndrew Carnegie
began his business career working as a bobbin boy in a textile mill for $1.20 a week. Working his way up the ladder quickly, he was earning $50,000 a year by the time he was 33, and was the richest man in the world by age 65.
Eleuthere Irenee Du Pont de NemoursÈleuthère Irénée Du Pont de Nemours
immigrated to the United States from France in 1799. In 1802, he established a mill in Delaware that had become the largest manufacturer of gunpowder in the country by 1811.
Henry John HeinzHenry John Heinz
began his business career at the age of 8, selling excess vegetables from his mother's garden. By the time he was 9, Henry was making and selling his own brand of horseradish sauce, and by 17 he was grossing $2,400 a year.
Howard HughesHoward Robard Hughes, Jr.
began his business career at the age of 19 when he bought his relatives out of their shares of his father's multi-million-dollar tool company. He subsequently made billions of dollars as a movie producer, aviation pioneer, and Las Vegas casino owner.
Charles William PostCharles William Post
turned to a lifestyle based on an all-natural diet and positive mental suggestion after suffering two nervous breakdowns. He subsequently turned that lifestyle into a very successful business, beginning with a coffee substitute called Postum and a cereal called Grape-Nuts.
Peter Mark RogetPeter Mark Roget
was trained in medicine but had interests ranging from optics to sanitation. The Thesaurus for which he is best known today began as a way for him to always have an "inventory" of words to enhance his writings with.
Hiram WalkerHiram Walker
began distilling whiskey as a sideline of his grocery business. That sidelines became Canadian Club Whiskey, and also spurred the development of a number of Walker-owned businesses, as well as an entire town.

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