The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Turks and Caicos
Facts and Figures

It is believed that the Turks get their name from the Turk's Head Cactus, whose round red flower resembles a Turkish fez hat. "Caicos" comes from the Spanish word "cayos," meaning cays or keys.

Location two island groups southeast of The Bahamas and north of Haiti

general location of the Turks and Caicos Islands

map of the Turks and Caicos Islands

Total Area 366 sq mi (948 sq km)
Highest Point Flamingo Hill; 157 ft (48m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources none

Population (July 2015 est) 50,280
Largest Cities Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)
Ethnic Groups black, white, mixed
Religions Baptist, Church of God, Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Jehovah's Witnesses
Languages English (official)

Capital Grand Turk
Form of Government overseas territory of the United Kingdom
Present Constitution Adopted August 7, 2012
Chief of State
Queen Elizabeth II (since February 6, 1952); represented by Governor Peter Beckingham (since October 9, 2013)
Head of Government Premier Rufus Ewing (since November 13, 2012)
Legislature unicameral House of Assembly
Judiciary Supreme Court, Court of Appeals

Currency United States Dollar (USD)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries tourism, offshore banking services
Agricultural Products
corn, beans, cassava (manioc, tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
Export Commodities lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Import Commodities
food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials

National Holiday Constitution Day, August 30 (1976)
blue with the flag of the United Kingdom in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus -- three common elements of the islands' biota

flag of Turks and Caicos Islands

Puerto Rico
Queen Elizabeth II

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Turks and Caicos

This page was last updated on 06/13/2017.