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The Robinson Library >> Trinidad and Tobago
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Location two islands just off the coast of Venezuela

location of Trinidad and Tobago

map of Trinidad and Tobago

Total Area 1,980 sq mi (5,128 sq km)
Total Coastline
292 mi (470 km)
Highest Point El Cero del Airpo; 3,085 ft (940 m)
Lowest Point
sea level
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

Population (2017 est) 1,218,208
Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Largest Cities
Port of Spain
Ethnic Groups East Indian, African, mixed
English (official), Caribbean Hindustani, French, Spanish, Chinese
Protestant, Roman Catholic, Hindu, Muslim

Capital Port of Spain
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Present Constitution Adopted
Chief of State
President Paula-Mae Weekes (since March 19, 2018)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Keith Rowley (since September 9, 2015)
Cabinet Cabinet appointed from among members of Parliament
bicameral Parliament
Supreme Court of the Judicature
Local Administration
9 regions, 3 boroughs, 2 cities, 1 ward

Unit of Currency dollar
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, food processing, cement, cotton textiles
Agricultural Products
cocoa, rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables, sugar; poultry
Principal Exports
petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, cereal and cereal products, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus fruit, vegetables, flowers
Principal Imports
mineral fuels, lubricants, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals, live animals

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved August 31, 1962
National Holiday Independence Day; August 31
the colors represent the elements of earth, water, and fire; black stands for the wealth of the land and the dedication of the people; white symbolizes the sea surrounding the islands, the purity of the country's aspirations, and equality; red symbolizes the warmth and energy of the sun, the vitality of the land, and the courage and friendliness of its people

flag of Trinidad and Tobago


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The Robinson Library >> Trinidad and Tobago

This page was last updated on 06/14/2018.