The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Saint Vincent
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Location a chain of islands in the southern portion of the Lesser Antilles

location of St. Vincent

Total Area 150 sq mi (389 sq km)
Highest Point
La Soufriere; 4,049 ft (1,234 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources hydropower

map of St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Nationality Saint Vincentian
Population (July 2015 est)
Ethnic Groups black, mixed, East Indian
Languages English, French Patois
Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic
Largest Cities Kingstown, Port Elizabeth

Capital Kingstown
Current Constitution Adopted
October 27, 1979
Form of Government parlimentary democracy
Chief of State
Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom; represented by Governor General Sir Fredrick Nathaniel Ballantyne (since September 2, 2002)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Ralph E. Gonsalves (since March 29, 2001)
Cabinet appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister
Legislature unicameral House of Assembly
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court
Local Administration 6 parishes

Currency East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
tourism; food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Agricultural Products
bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes, spices; small numbers of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats; fish
Export Commodities
bananas, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch, tennis racquets
Import Commodities
foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, chemicals and fertilizers, minerals and fuels

Independence Achieved October 27, 1979
From United Kingdom
National Holiday Independence Day, October 27

Origin of Name Saint Vincent was so named by Christopher Columbus because it was discovered on St. Vincent's Day, January 22, 1498

Flag three vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold (double width), and green; the gold band bears three green diamonds arranged in a V pattern, which stands for Vincent; the diamonds recall the islands as the "Gems of the Antilles"; blue conveys the colors of a tropical sky and crystal waters, yellow signifies the golden Grenadine sands, and green represents lush vegetation

flag of St. Vincent and the Grenadines

CIA World Factbook

Queen Elizabeth II
Christopher Columbus

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This page was last updated on 07/29/2017.