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  American HistoryWest Indies and Other Caribbean IslandsSt. Kitts and Nevis
 
map of St. Kitts and NevisFederation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

location of St. Kitts and NevisLocation two islands in the West Indies

Total Area 101 sq mi (261 sq km)
Coastline 84 mi (135 km)
Highest Point
Mount Liamuiga; 3,793 ft (1,156 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources none

Nationality Kittitian, Nevisian
Population (July 2014 est)
51,936
Largest Cities Basseterre
Ethnic Groups
predominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Religions Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages
English (official)

Capital Basseterre
Form of Government
parliamentary democracy
Constitution Adopted June 23, 1983
Chief of State
Queen Elizabeth II, represented by acting-Governor General Samuel W.T. Seaton (since May 20, 2015)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Timothy Harris (since February 18, 2015)
Cabinet appointed by the Governor General in consultation with the Prime Minister
Legislature
unicameral National Assembly
Judiciary
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court
Local Government
14 parishes

Currency East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Per Capita Income
$21,100
Principal Industries
tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Export Commodities
machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Import Commodities
machinery, manufactures, food, fuels

Origin of Name St. Kitts is named for Saint Christopher, the patron saint of travelling. British sailors shortened the name to St. Kitts. Nevis is from the Spanish phrase Nuestra Senora de las Nieves, which means "Our Lady of the Snows," after the permanent halo of white clouds that surrounds mountains on the island.
Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved
September 19, 1983
National Holiday Independence Day; September 19
Flag
green signifies the island's fertility, red symbolizes the struggles of the people from slavery, yellow denotes year-round sunshine, and black represents the African heritage of the people; the white stars stand for the islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis, but can also express hope and liberty, or independence and optimism

flag of St. Kitts and Nevis


Queen Elizabeth II

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  The Robinson Library > American History > West Indies and Other Caribbean Islands > Saint Kitts and Nevis

This page was last updated on 08/06/2015.

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