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Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Location Caribbean Sea

location of Puerto Rico

Total Area 3,435 sq mi (8,897 sq km)
Greatest Distance NW-SE 111 mi (179 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 39 mi (63 km)
Coastline 311 mi (501 km)
Highest Point Cerro de Punta; 4,389 ft (1,338 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources some copper and nickel, potential for onshore and offshore oil

map of Puerto Rico

Nationality Puerto Rican
Population (July 2014 est)
Largest Cities San Juan
Ethnic Groups white, black, Amerindian, Asian
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Spanish, English

Capital San Juan
Form of Government commonwealth of the United States
Present Constitution Adopted July 3, 1952
Chief of State
President of the United States
Head of Government
bicameral Legislative Assembly
Supreme Court; Appellate Court; Court of First Instance
Local Administration
78 municipalities

Currency U.S. Dollar
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens
Export Commodities chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment
Import Commodities chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products

Commonwealth Status Achieved July 25, 1952
Flag five equal horizontal bands of red and white; a blue isoceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large, white, five-pointed star in the center; although similar in design to the U.S. flag, it was actually based on the Cuban flag

flag of Puerto Rico

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Puerto Rico

This page was last updated on 10/18/2017.