The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Jamaica

Origin of Name from the native Taino word "haymaca" meaning "land of wood and water" or possibly "land of springs"

Location in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

location of Jamaica

Total Area 4,244 sq mi (10,991 sq km)
Greatest Distance, E-W 146 mi (235 km)
Greatest Distance, N-S 51 mi (82 km)
Highest Point Blue Mountain Peak; 7,402 ft (2,256 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources bauxite, gypsum, limestone

map of Jamaica

Nationality Jamaican
Population (July 2016)
Largest Cities Kingston
Ethnic Groups black, mixed
Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic

Capital Kingston
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Constitution Adopted August 6, 1962
Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor General Patrick L. Allen (since February 26, 2009)
Head of Government Prime Minister Andrew Holness (since March 3, 2016)
Cabinet appointed by the Governor General in consultation with the Prime Minister
bicameral Parliament
Court of Appeals, Supreme Court
Local Government
14 parishes

Currency East Caribbean Dollar (XCD)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries tourism, bauxite/alumina, agricultural-processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, bananas, coffee, citrus, yams, ackees, vegetables; poultry, goats, milk; shellfish
Export Commodities alumina, bauxite, sugar, rum, coffee, yams, beverages, chemicals, apparel, mineral fuels
Import Commodities food and other consumer goods, industrial supplies, fuel, parts and accessories of capital goods, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved August 6, 1962
National Holidays Emancipation Day, August 1 (1834); Independence Day, August 6
Flag A diagonal yellow cross divides the flag into four triangles - green and black. Green represents hope, vegetation, and agriculture; black reflects hardships overcome and to be faced; and yellow recalls golden sunshine and the island's natural resources.

flag of Jamaica

See Also

Queen Elizabeth II

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Jamaica

This page was last updated on 10/15/2018.