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Republic of Haiti

Republique d'Haiti

Origin of Name from an Indian word meaning "high ground," in reference to the hilly and mountainous landscape that dominates the country

Location western third of the island of Hispaniola
Bordered By
Dominican Republic

map of Haiti

Area 10,714 sq mi (27,750 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W
180 mi (290 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 135 mi (217 km)
672 mi (1,081 km), including offshore islands
Highest Point Chaine de la Selle; 8,783 ft (2,677 m)
Lowest Point
sea level
Natural Resources
bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble

Population (2016 est) 10,110,019
Largest Cities
Ethnic Groups black, mulatto, white
Languages French (official), Creole (official)
Roman Catholic (official), Baptist, Pentecostal, other Protestant, native

Capital Port-au-Prince
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted
March 10, 1987
Chief of State
President Jocelerme Privert (since February 14, 2016)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Fritz Jean (since February 26, 2016)
Cabinet chosen by the Prime Minister and approved by Parliament
bicameral Parliament (
le Corps Legislatif ou parlement)
Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation)
Local Administration
10 departments

Unit of Currency gourdes (HTG)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
textiles, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, light assembly using imported parts
Agricultural Products
coffee, mangoes, cocoa, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood, vetiver
Principal Exports
apparel, manufactures, oils, cocoa, mangoes, coffee
Principal Imports
food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials

Independence from France Achieved January 1, 1804
National Holiday Independence Day; January 1
two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a centered white rectangle bearing the coat of arms, which contains a palm tree flanked by flags and two cannons above a scroll bearing the motto L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE (Union Makes Strength); the colors are taken from the French Tricolor and represent the union of blacks and mulattoes

flag of Haiti

Dominican Republic

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Haiti

This page was last updated on 09/25/2017.