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Facts and Figures

Origin of Name the most popular theory is that the Spanish named the island "Corazón" for its heart shape, which later became "Curaçao," derived from the Portuguese word for heart, "Coração"
Local Name Pais Korsou

Location about 34 mi (55 km) off the northern coast of Venezuela

location of Curacao

map of Curacao

Area 171 sq mi (444 sq km)
226 mi (364 km)
Highest Point Mount Christoffel; 1,220 ft (372 m)
Lowest Point
sea level
Natural Resources calcium phosphates

Population (2014 est) 146,830
Largest Cities
Ethnic Groups Afro-Caribbean
Papiamentu (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect), Dutch (official)
Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Protestant, Adventist, Jehovah's Witness, Evangelical

Capital Willemstad
Form of Government constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands (
full autonomy in internal affairs; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs)
Present Constitution Adopted
September 5, 2010
Chief of State
King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (since April 30, 2013); represented by Governor Lucille A. George-Wout (since November 4, 2013)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Eugene Rhuggenaath (since May 29, 2017)
Cabinet Cabinet appointed by Governor
Estates of Curacao (Staten van Curacao)
Common Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba

Unit of Currency Netherlands Antilles Guilder
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
tourism, petroleum refining, petroleum transshipment, light manufacturing
Agricultural Products
aloe, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Principal Exports
petroleum products
Principal Imports
crude petroleum, food, manufactures

National Holiday Queen's Day, April 30 (Birthday of Queen-Mother Juliana and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter Beatrix in 1909 and 1980, respectively)
on a blue field a horizontal yellow band somewhat below the center divides the flag into proportions of 5:1:2; two five-pointed white stars - the smaller above and to the left of the larger - appear in the canton; the blue of the upper and lower sections symbolizes the sky and sea respectively; yellow represents the sun; the stars symbolize Curacao and its uninhabited smaller sister island of Klein Curacao; the five star points signify the five continents from which Curacao's people derive

flag of Curacao

Queen Juliana

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Curaçao

This page was last updated on 10/06/2017.