The Robinson LibraryTHE ROBINSON LIBRARY
The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Cuba
Republic of Cuba

República de Cuba

map of Cuba

Location Caribbean Sea

location of Cuba

Area 44,218 sq mi (114,524 sq km)
Greatest Distance NW-SE 759 mi (1,221 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 135 mi (217 km)
Coastline 2,100 mi (3,380 km)
Highest Point Pico Turquino; 6,542 ft (1,994 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Nationality Cuban
Population (May 2013 est) 11,061,886
Largest Cities Havana
Ethnic Groups white, mulatto and mestizo, black
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Spanish

Capital Havana
Form of Government communist
Present Constitution Adopted February 24, 1976
Chief of State and Head of Government
President of the Council of State Raul Castro Ruz (since February 24, 2008)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral National Assembly of People's Power (Asemblea Nacional del Poder Popular)
Judiciary
People's Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo Popular)
Local Administration
14 provinces and 1 special municipality

Currency Peso
Per Capita Income
$10,200
Principal Industries sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Agricultural Products
suar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
Export Commodities sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee
Import Commodities petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals

Independence Achieved December 10, 1898
From Spain
National Holiday Triumph of the Revolution; January 1 (1959)
Flag
the blue bands refer to the three old divisions of the island -- central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes liberty, equality, and fraternity; the red color stands for the blood shed in the independence struggle; the white star, called La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star) lights the way to freedom and was taken from the flag of Texas

flag of Cuba

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> American History >> Caribbean Islands >> Cuba

This page was last updated on 05/18/2017.