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Republic of Cuba

República de Cuba

Location Caribbean Sea

location of Cuba

map of Cuba

Area 44,218 sq mi (114,524 sq km)
Greatest Distance NW-SE 759 mi (1,221 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 135 mi (217 km)
Coastline 2,100 mi (3,380 km)
Highest Point Pico Turquino; 6,542 ft (1,994 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean Sea; sea level
Natural Resources cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Nationality Cuban
Population (May 2013 est) 11,061,886
Largest Cities Havana
Ethnic Groups white, mulatto and mestizo, black
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Spanish

Capital Havana
Form of Government communist
Present Constitution Adopted February 24, 1976
Chief of State and Head of Government
President of the Council of State Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermudez (since April 19, 2018)
Council of Ministers
unicameral National Assembly of People's Power (Asemblea Nacional del Poder Popular)
People's Supreme Court (Tribunal Supremo Popular)
Local Administration
14 provinces and 1 special municipality

Currency Peso
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Agricultural Products
suar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock
Export Commodities sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee
Import Commodities petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals

Independence Achieved December 10, 1898
From Spain
National Holiday Triumph of the Revolution; January 1 (1959)
Flag the blue bands refer to the three old divisions of the island -- central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes liberty, equality, and fraternity; the red color stands for the blood shed in the independence struggle; the white star, called La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star) lights the way to freedom and was taken from the flag of Texas

flag of Cuba

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The Robinson Library >> Cuba

This page was last updated on 09/17/2018.