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silhouette map of Wyoming

Facts and Figures

The name "Wyoming" was adopted from two Delaware Indian words, MECHEWEAMI-ING, meaning "at the big plains" or "on the great plain." The word was first used by J.M. Ashley who, as early as 1865, introduced a bill to Congress to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming." The bill was referred to a committee where it rested until 1868. During debate on the bill in the U.S. Senate in 1868, other possible names were suggested, such as Cheyenne, Shoshoni, Arapaho, Sioux, Platte, Big Horn, Yellowstone, Sweetwater, and Lincoln. Wyoming was already in common use, however, and remained the popular choice.

Location Rocky Mountains
Bordered By
Montana, South Dakota, Nebraska, Colorado, Utah, Idaho

location of Wyoming on the map

Total Area (Rank) 97,818 sq mi (10th)
Land Area 97,105 sq mi
Greatest Distance E-W
375 mi
Greatest Distance N-S
276 mi
Geographic Center
Fremont, 58 miles east-northeast of Lander
Highest Point (Rank)
Gannett Peak; 13,804 ft
Lowest Point
Belle Fourche River in Crook County; 3,100 ft
Mineral Resources
coal, natural gas, coal bed methane, oil, trona

2014 Population (Rank) 582,658 (50th)
Largest Cities
Cheyenne, Casper, Laramie, Gillette, Rock Springs, Sheridan, Green River, Evanston, Riverton, Cody

Capital Cheyenne
State Constitution Adopted November 5, 1889
U.S. Congressional Representation 2 Senators; 1 Representative
Local Administration
23 counties

Major Industries mineral extraction, tourism and recreation, agriculture
Principal Manufactures refined petroleum, wood, stone, clay products, foods, electronic devices, sporting apparel, aircraft
Agricultural Products hay, sugar beets, wheat, barley; cattle/calves, sheep/lambs, hogs/pigs

First Explored By Frances François and Louis La Verendrye, 1743
First Permanent Settlement Fort William (later Fort Laramie), 1834
Territorial Status Achieved
1868
Admitted to Union (Rank)
July 10, 1890 (44th)

SEE ALSO
Montana
South Dakota
Nebraska
Colorado
Utah
Idaho

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The West >> Wyoming

This page was last updated on June 23, 2017.