Origin of Name from the
Sioux Indian word for "south wind people." Area
(rank) 82,282 sq mi (34th). Population Rank) 2,893,957
(34th). Capital Topeka. Admitted to Union
(rank) January 29, 1861 (34th).
Symbols of Kansas
The Kansas State Flag, adopted by
the Kansas Legislature as the official state flag on
March 21, 1927, is a rectangle of dark-blue silk with the
state seal at its center. Above the seal is the state
crest, a sunflower resting on a twisted bar of blue and
gold. The word "Kansas," added in 1961, is
below the seal in gold, block lettering.
The Smoky Hill
enters western Kansas and flows about 500 miles before
joining with the Republican River to form the Kansas
River at Junction City.
is located in Leavenworth County,
in extreme northeast Kansas. The city grew up around the
Kansas State Penitentiary, which itself was purposely
located just a few miles south of the Federal
Penitentiary at Leavenworth.
is an unincorporated community of about 50
inhabitants in eastern Graham County, Kansas. It is the
only remaining community west of the Mississippi River
established by African-Americans after the Civil War.
is the seat of Shawnee County, and the
capital of Kansas. It was established by anti-slavers in
1854, who intended the city to be the capital of Kansas.