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Facts and FiguresFacts and Figures
Origin of Name from the Sioux Indian word for "south wind people." Area (rank) 82,282 sq mi (34th). Population Rank) 2,893,957 (34th). Capital Topeka. Admitted to Union (rank) January 29, 1861 (34th).
Walter Augustus HuxmanWalter Augustus Huxman
gained notoriety as a member of the Kansas State Tax Commission, in which capacity he successfully prosecuted the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad. He subsequently served one term as Governor of Kansas and then as a Justice for the Tenth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
Notable KansansNotable Kansans Alfred Mossman LandonAlfred Mossman Landon
was the only Republican west of the Mississippi River to win a gubernatorial contest in 1932, and the only Republican Governor in the country to win re-election in 1934. He failed to win election to the presidency in 1936, however.
Official Symbols of KansasOfficial Symbols of Kansas
The Kansas State Flag, adopted by the Kansas Legislature as the official state flag on March 21, 1927, is a rectangle of dark-blue silk with the state seal at its center. Above the seal is the state crest, a sunflower resting on a twisted bar of blue and gold. The word "Kansas," added in 1961, is below the seal in gold, block lettering.
James Henry LaneJames Henry Lane
was an active member of the Free State forces and helped defend Lawrence during the "Wakarusa War." In 1861 he was elected as one of the first two U.S. Senators from the newly-admitted State of Kansas.
Important Dates in KansasImportant Dates in Kansas
1541 Spanish explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado entered Kansas in search of gold. 1854 Territory of Kansas established. October 4, 1859 Kansas voters approved the Wyandotte Constitution. January 29, 1861 Kansas became the 34th state.
Kathryn O'Loughlin McCarthyKathryn O'Loughlin McCarthy
was the first Democrat ever elected to the U.S. Congress from her district, as well as the first Kansas woman ever elected to that body. In Congress, she fought for emergency assistance for schools, supported the "New Deal," and was an advocate for relaxing the 18th Amendment.
Kansas Territory DefinedKansas Territory Defined
When Kansas was formed as a territory in 1854, it had 126,823 square miles. It included portions of what is now Colorado west to the Continental Divide, and Pike's Peak was in Kansas at that time.
Joseph McCoyJoseph Geating McCoy
bought land on the Kansas Pacific Railway in 1867, where he built a hotel, stockyard, office and bank. Between 1867 and 1881, over 2 million head of cattle were sent from Abilene to Chicago.
Battle of Black JackThe Battle of Black Jack
which was fought between forces led by John Brown and by Henry Pate near present-day Baldwin City, Kansas, on June 2, 1856, is considered by many historians to be the first true battle of the Civil War.
Benjamin Sanford PaulenBenjamin Sanford Paulen
was a successful banker who served as Governor of Kansas from 1925 to 1929. During his term, a state gasoline tax was enacted, cigarette sales were legalized and taxed, etc. The most popular action during his administration was establishment of a kindergarten system in the state in 1927.
Wyandotte ConstitutionThe Wyandotte Constitution
ratified by Kansas voters on October 4, 1859, was the one under which Kansas was admitted to the Union. The constitution outlawed slavery, gave women equal rights in divorce and child custody cases, and set the boundaries where they are now.
Susanna Madora SalterSusanna Madora Salter
was elected by Argonia as the first woman Mayor in Kansas in 1887. Ironically, she was initially nominated by a group of men hoping to discredit the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.
Annie DiggsAnnie Diggs
was a supporter of the Populist movement, temperance, and women's suffrage. She wrote articles and lectured extensively on behalf of each cause and served with many national organizations devoted to them.
Smoky Hill RiverThe Smoky Hill River
enters western Kansas and flows about 500 miles before joining with the Republican River to form the Kansas River at Junction City.
Isaac GoodnowIsaac Goodnow
came to Kansas with the New England Immigrant Aid Company in 1855 and became one of the founders of Manhattan. In addition to helping build Manhattan, he was deeply involved in the Free State Movement, and in the establishment of what is now Kansas State University.
is located in Leavenworth County, in extreme northeast Kansas. The city grew up around the Kansas State Penitentiary, which itself was purposely located just a few miles south of the Federal Penitentiary at Leavenworth.
Brewster HigleyBrewster Higley
was a retired doctor living in Smith Center when, in 1872, he jotted down a poem he called "Western Home." A visitor to his home convinced him to set the poem to music, and the resulting Home on the Range became one of the most popular western songs ever published; it became the State Song of Kansas in 1947.
is an unincorporated community of about 50 inhabitants in eastern Graham County, Kansas. It is the only remaining community west of the Mississippi River established by African-Americans after the Civil War.
Cyrus Kurtz HollidayCyrus Kurtz Holliday
founded Topeka in 1854 for the specific purpose of it becoming the capital of a free state. He then founded the Atchison and Topeka Railroad Company to connect the cities of Atchison and Topeka by rail.
is the seat of Shawnee County, and the capital of Kansas. It was established by anti-slavers in 1854, who intended the city to be the capital of Kansas.

The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The West