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New Mexico

CONTENTS
Facts and Figures
Facts and Figures
Origin of Name named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande River. Total Area (Rank) 121,593 sq mi (5th). Population (rank) 2,085,287 (36th). Capital Santa Fe. Admitted to Union (Rank) January 6, 1912 (47th).
Important Dates in New Mexico
Important Dates in New Mexico
Explored by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1540-1542; Juan de Oñate founded San Juan in 1598; ceded to the United States in 1848; became the 47th state in 1912.
Juan de Onate
Juan de Oñate
founded the first permanent settlement in New Mexico, at San Juan Pueblo, in 1598. In 1601, he led an expedition to Quivira in search of wealth and an outlet to the sea. In 1607, he oversaw the establishment of Santa Fe.
Acoma Revolt/Massacre
Acoma Revolt/Massacre
The 6,000 or so people who inhabited Acoma Pueblo had enjoyed peaceful relations with the Spanish since being visited by Francisco Coronado in 1540, but that peace came to an abrupt end in 1598.
Santa Fe
Santa Fe
Founded as the capital of the Spanish "Kingdom of New Mexico" in 1610, this is the oldest capital city in North America. Situated in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains at about 6,950 feet above sea level, it is also the highest state capital in the United States.
The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The New Southwest