Facts and Figures
Origin of Name "Arizona"
is a Spanish interpretation of arizuma, an Aztec
word meaning "silver-bearing." Also based on
Pima word arizonac meaning "little spring
place." Total Area (Rank) 114,006 sq
mi (6th). Population (rank) 6,626,624
(15th). Capital Phoenix. Admitted to
Union (Rank) February 14, 1912 (48th).
Dates in Arizona
1539 Marcos de Niza entered what is now Arizona.
1776 Tucson was founded as a fort. 1848
Mexico ceded Arizona to the United States. February
14, 1912 Arizona became the 48th state.
Eusebio Francisco Kino
participated in the first exploration of the Baja
California Peninsula, was the first European to visit the
Casa Grande Ruins, and established 24 missions in Arizona
was a successful businessman when elected Governor of
Arizona in 1986. In 1988, he was impeached and removed
from office after an investigation into campaign finance
irregularities led to charges of obstruction of justice
and misuse of funds.
is an immense gorge cut by the Colorado
River into the high plateau in the northwestern corner of
Arizona. Although the canyon is "new," the beds
of rock exposed in it are old; they tell a story that
began many millions of years ago.