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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> The New Southwest
Arizona

CONTENTS

Facts and Figures
Origin of Name "Arizona" is a Spanish interpretation of arizuma, an Aztec word meaning "silver-bearing." Also based on Pima word arizonac meaning "little spring place." Total Area (Rank) 114,006 sq mi (6th). Population (rank) 6,626,624 (15th). Capital Phoenix. Admitted to Union (Rank) February 14, 1912 (48th).
Important Dates in ArizonaImportant Dates in Arizona
1539 Marcos de Niza entered what is now Arizona. 1776 Tucson was founded as a fort. 1848 Mexico ceded Arizona to the United States. February 14, 1912 Arizona became the 48th state.
Father Eusebio Francisco KinoFather Eusebio Francisco Kino
participated in the first exploration of the Baja California Peninsula, was the first European to visit the Casa Grande Ruins, and established 24 missions in Arizona and Mexico.
Evan MechamEvan Mecham
was a successful businessman when elected Governor of Arizona in 1986. In 1988, he was impeached and removed from office after an investigation into campaign finance irregularities led to charges of obstruction of justice and misuse of funds.
Grand CanyonThe Grand Canyon
is an immense gorge cut by the Colorado River into the high plateau in the northwestern corner of Arizona. Although the canyon is "new," the beds of rock exposed in it are old; they tell a story that began many millions of years ago.

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