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Georgia

CONTENTS
Facts and Figures
Facts and Figures
Origin of Name Named for King George II of England. Area (rank) 59,551 sq mi (24th). Population (rank) 9,992,167 (8th). Capital Atlanta. Ratified Constitution (rank) January 2, 1788 (4th).
Official Symbols of Georgia
Official Symbols of Georgia
Pogo, created by cartoonist Walt Kelly, was designated the official state 'Possum in 1992. Other symbols include the brown thrasher, the peanut, quartz, Plains High School, and Vidalia onions.
Important Dates in Georgia
Important Dates in Georgia
1540 Hernando de Soto passed through Georgia. 1733 James Oglethorpe founded Savannah. 1788 Georgia ratified the Constitution. 1864 Union troops captured Atlanta. 1976 Former Governor Jimmy Carter was elected President.
Ellis Gibbs Arnall
Ellis Gibbs Arnall
served as Governor of Georgia from 1943 to 1947. Although a very successful and popular Governor,he is often most remembered for being forcibly evicted from his office after a strange sequence of events surrounding the election of his successor.
Rebecca Felton
Rebecca Latimer Felton
was well known in Georgia due to her active management of her husband's congressional campaigns and political writings, but was virtually unknown outside of that state until 1922, when she became the first woman to officially hold a seat in the U.S. Senate.
James Edward Oglethorpe
James Edward Oglethorpe
led an effort to reform England's prison system, and then helped found Georgia as a haven for England's "worthy poor."
Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial
Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial
is a huge relief carving of Confederate heroes Robert E. Lee, "Stonewall" Jackson, and Jefferson Davis on the face of a mountain near Atlanta. Begun in 1923, creative differences, fundraising difficulties, and two world wars delayed its completion until 1972.
Albany
Albany
is the seat of Dougherty County. It was founded by Connecticut businessman Nelson Tift in 1836, and incorporated in 1838. The Marine Corps Logistics Base is located on the eastern outskirts of the city.
Savannah
Savannah
is one of the leading seaports of the Southeastern United States, despite being 18 miles inland. It was founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733, and was the first planned city in the country. Union General William Tecumseh Sherman captured the city in 1864.
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