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Oregon

CONTENTS

Oregon Facts and Figures
Area (Rank) 98,386 sq mil (9th). Population (Rank) 3,930,065 (27th). Capital Salem. Admitted to Union (Rank) February 14, 1859 (33rd).
Official Symbols of AlaskaOfficial Symbols
Adopted in 1925, the Oregon State Flag is navy blue with gold lettering and symbols. The front of the flag features the shield from the State Seal surrounded by 33 stars; "STATE OF OREGON" is above the shield, and "1859" is below. Oregon is the only state in the Union whose flag has a different pattern on the reverse side -- the silhouette of a beaver, the State Animal.
Notable OregoniansNotable Oregonians
Important Dates in OregonImportant Dates in Oregon
1570 Sir Francis Drake probably touched the Oregon coast. 1805 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark reached the mouth of the Columbia River. 1811 John Jacob Astor founded Astoria. February 14, 1859 Oregon became the 33rd state.
John McLoughlinJohn McLoughlin
played a leading part in settling Oregon Territory. He was a partner in the North West and Hudson's Bay companies, and directed their business in the Oregon country from 1824 to 1826. He developed trading posts and friendly relations with the Native Americans of the region, but had to resign for helping new settlers at his company's expense.
Marcus WhitmanMarcus Whitman
along with his wife Narcissa, established a mission near present-day Walla Walla, Washington, in 1836. In 1843, he accompanied about 1,000 settlers on the Oregon Trail into Oregon Territory, and subsequently spent the next several years helping other travelers on the trail.
Crater LakeCrater Lake
partially fills the caldera of ancient Mount Mazama Volcano, the summit of which collapsed thousands of years ago. The lake was created over about 250 years by an accumulation of rain and melted snow, and precipitation continues to keep the lake full today.

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