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John McLoughlin

"Father of Oregon"

John McLoughlin

Chronology of His Life and Career
1784 Born in Rivière du Loup, St. Lawrence (now Quebec), Canada.
1798 Began a medical apprenticeship.
1803 Attached himself to the North West Company as resident physician at Fort William, on Lake Superior.
1812 Married Marguerite Waden McKay.
1821 Put in charge of Hudson's Bay Company's Fort William.
1824 Became Chief Factor of the Hudson's Bay Company's Columbia District, with headquarters at Fort George, at the mouth of the Columbia River.
1825 Headquarters moved to Fort Vancouver.
1827 Oversaw the building of the first lumber mill in the Pacific Northwest.
1829 The Hudson's Bay Company took a land claim at "The Falls" and encouraged former trappers to settle in nearby French Prairie.
1834 Welcomed and aided Jason Lee.
1836 Welcomed Marcus and Narcissa Whitman to Fort Vancouver.
1842 Surveyed and laid out the town of Oregon City (replacing the former name of Willamette Falls).
1842-1845 Protected, aided and supplied the first four American migrations into Oregon Country.
1844 Oregon City incorporated by the Provisional Government.
1846 Resigned from the Hudson's Bay Company and took up residence at Oregon City.
1849 With Robert Moore, made application to the county court to establish a ferry across the Willamette River between Oregon and Linn counties.
1850 Stripped of his land claim near Willamette Falls by a clause inserted into the Oregon Donation Land Law.
1851 Became an American citizen.
1851 Elected Mayor of Oregon City.
1857 Died.
1941 McLoughlin's home designated a National Historic Site.
1953 A statue of McLoughlin was unveiled in the National Statuary Hall in Washington, D.C.
1957 McLoughlin given the title "Father of Oregon" by the Oregon Legislative Assembly.

SEE ALSO
Hudson's Bay Company
Marcus Whitman

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> Pacific States >> Oregon

This page was last updated on April 26, 2017.