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Facts and Figures

Some historians believe Giovanni da Verrazano named Rhode Island when he wrote that it resembled the Island of Rhodes in the Mediterranean Sea. Others believe Dutch navigator Adriaen Block named the region. In 1614, Block called an island in Narragansett Bay Roodt Eylandt (Red Island) because of the red clay on the island's shore.

silhouette map of Rhode Island

location of Rhode Island on a map of the United States

Location New England
Bordered By
Massachusetts, Connecticut

Total Area (rank) 1,545 sq mi (50th)
Land Area
1,045 mi
Greatest Distance N-S
48 mi
Greatest Distance E-W
37 mi
Geographic Center
1 mile south-southwest of Crompton
400+ mi
Highest Point Jerimoth Hill; 812 ft
Lowest Point
Atlantic Coast; sea level
Natural Resources construction sand and gravel, crushed stone

Population (2010 est) 1,043,319 (43rd)
Largest Cities
Providence, Warwick, Cranston, Pawtucket, East Providence, Woonsocket, North Providence, West Warwick, Johnston, Newport

Capital Providence
Present Constitution Adopted

bicameral General Assembly (38-member Senate, 75-member House)
U.S. Congressional Representation
2 Senators; 2 Representatives
Local Administration
39 municipalities

Principal Industries health and financial services, tourism, retail trade, manufacturing, agriculture, biotechnology/pharmaceuticals, shipping
Principal Manufactures
costume jewelry, toys, machinery, textiles, electronics
Principal Agricultural Products
nursery stock, vegetables; dairy products, eggs

First Explored By Giovanni da Verrazano, in 1524
First Permanent Settlement
Providence, founded by
Roger Williams in 1636
Ratified Constitution (rank)
May 29, 1790 (13th)

Giovanni da Verrazano
Roger Williams

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The Robinson Library >> Rhode Island

This page was last updated on July 07, 2018.