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Important Dates in Massachusetts

1602 English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold landed on Cuttyhunk Island and gave Cape Cod its name.
1605 and 1606 French explorer Samuel de Champlain mapped the shoreline.
1614 Captain John Smith sailed up the Massachusetts coast.
1620 The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth.
1630 The Puritans founded Boston.
1635 The first public school still in existence, the Boston Public Latin School, was established.
1636 Harvard became the first college in the colonies.
1641 Massachusetts adopted its first code of law, the Body of Liberties.
1647 A law establishing tax-supported schools was passed.
1675-1678 Massachusetts colonists fought King Philip's War against the Indians.
1689-1763 Massachusetts colonists helped the British win the French and Indian Wars.
1691 Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay colonies were combined into one colony.

1764 The colonists began to resist enforcement of British tax laws.
1770 British soldiers killed several colonists in the Boston Massacre.
1773 Patriots dumped 340 chests of British tea into Boston Harbor.
1775 American Revolutionary War began at Lexington and Concord.
1780 Massachusetts adopted its constitution.
1788 Massachusetts became the sixth state in the Union on February 6.

1807 The Embargo Act ruined Massachusetts shipping, and led to the rise of manufacturing.
1831 William Lloyd Garrison began publishing his antislavery newspaper The Liberator in Boston.
1839 The first teachers college in the United States was opened.
1876 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in Boston.

1912 A strike of textile workers at Lawrence led to improved conditions in the textile industry.
1914 The Cape Cod Canal opened.
1919 Settlement of the Boston Police Strike brought national prominence to Governor Calvin Coolidge.

1959 The U.S. Navy launched its first nuclear-powered surface ship, the cruiser Long Beach, at Quincy.

See Also

Samuel de Champlain
John Smith
French and Indian Wars
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Boston Massacre
Revolutionary War
Alexander Graham Bell
Calvin Coolidge

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The Robinson Library >> Massachusetts >> History

This page was last updated on August 26, 2018.