was named the official ARTIST of
Massachusetts on February 21, 2008.
||On June 23, 1993, the
Legislature determined that the Navy Bean
had been the original BEAN in
the famous venerable Boston Baked Bean recipe.
||A fifth-grade class on the
North Shore adopted the cause of making the Cranberry
(Vaccinium macrocarpon) the official BERRY
of the state. Their two years of lobbying,
petitions, and hearings were finally rewarded on
July 11, 1994.
was named the state BEVERAGE on
May 4, 1970, as a tribute to the great
Massachusetts cranberry industry.
Chickadee (Penthestes atricapillus)
was adopted as the state BIRD
was the Legislature on March 21, 1941.
||On August 11, 2011, Salem
became the BIRTHPLACE OF THE NATIONAL
GUARD for the Commonwealth.
(real name Henry St. Clair Fredericks)
became the official state BLUES ARTIST in
2006. [official website]
made the BUILDING & MONUMENT ROCK
of the state on May 23, 1983. Granite from Quincy
was used to build the Washington
||The Tabby was
made the official state CAT on
July 11, 1988, in response to the wishes of the
schoolchildren of Massachusetts.
||The song The Road
to Boston, whose composer is
unknown, has been the official CEREMONIAL
MARCH of the Commonwealth since November
Seuss Geisel (aka
Dr. Seuss) as the official state CHILDREN'S
AUTHOR & ILLUSTRATOR in 2003.
Way for Ducklings, a picture
book written and illustrated by Robert McCloskey
and first published in 1941, was designated the
official CHILDREN'S BOOK of
Massachusetts in 2003. The third grade class at
the Dean S. Luce Elementary School in Canton were
responsible for gaining sponsorship for the
||On December 18, 1990, the
Legislature decided that the CITIZENRY of
Massachusetts would be designated as Bay Staters.
||On February 21, 2005, Blue,
Red, and Cranberry became the official COLORS
of the Commonwealth.
||The Chocolate Chip
Cookie was designated the official COOKIE
of the Commonwealth on July 9, 1997. A third
grade class from Somerset proposed the bill to
honor the cookie invented in 1930 at the Toll
House Restaurant in Whitman.
||The Boston Creme Pie,
created in the 19th century, was chosen as the
official state DESSERT on
December 12, 1996. A civics class from Norton
High School sponsored the bill. The pie beat out
several other candidates, including the toll
house cookie and Indian pudding.
||On August 14, 2003, the Bay
State Tartan became the official DISTRICT
TARTAN of the Commonwealth.
||The state DOG
is the Boston Terrier, the first
purebred dog developed in America (1869). It was
recognized by the Legislature on May 14, 1979.
||The Boston Creme was
named the official state DONUT
was made the official state EXPLORER ROCK
on May 23, 1983.
||The state FISH
is the Cod (Gadus morrhua).
Indians and Pilgrims used cod as common food and
as fertilizer. A sculpture of a cod hangs in the
House of Representatives as a tribute to this
useful aquatic creature, and it was named the
official fish on May 2, 1974.
||The FLAG is
white, bearing on both sides a representation of
the coat of arms. It was adopted in its final
form on July 3, 1971; before that, the obverse
side depicted a pine tree.
(Epigaea regens) was adopted as the
official state FLOWER by the
General Court on May 1, 1918. The choice of
floral emblem was put in the hands of school
children across Massachusetts, who chose the
mayflower over the water lily by a 2-to-1 margin.
became the official FOLK DANCE
on April 8, 1990.
was designated the official FOLK HERO of
the Commonwealth on August 2, 1996.
words and music by Arlo Guthrie, was adopted as
the FOLK SONG of the
Commonwealth by the Legislature on July 6, 1981. [lyrics]
||The Dinosaur Tracks
found in Granby were made the official state FOSSIL
on May 23, 1980. The prints were made by a
theropod dinosaur over 200 million years ago.
||The Wild Turkey
(Meleagris gallopavo), which, according
to tradition, was eaten at the first
Thanksgiving, was designated the state GAME
BIRD on December 23, 1991.
the most beautiful gem material found in the
state. It varies in hue from a light pink to a
deep rose or reddish pink and is associated with
black manganese. It was adopted as the state GEM
||On August 4, 2008, Rolling
Rock, located in the city of Fall River,
became the official GLACIAL ROCK of
||The Great State of
Massachusetts, words by George A.
Wells, music by J. Earl Bley, was designated the
state GLEE CLUB SONG on November
||On July 31, 2014, Ms.
G, who resides at Mass Audubon Drumlin
Farm Wildlife Sanctuary in Lincoln, was named the
official GROUNDHOG of
||The official state HEROINE
is Deborah Samson, who fought in
the Revolutionary War under the name of Robert
Shurtleff. Her masquerade remained undiscovered
until she was wounded in battle. The Legislature
recognized her heroism on July 22, 1983.
||Although the Pilgrims did not
actually land on Plymouth Rock,
its historical significance led the Legislature
to commemorate it as the state HISTORICAL
ROCK on May 23, 1983.
||The state INSECT
is the Ladybug. The most common
in the state is the two-spotted lady beetle (Adalia
bipunctata). The idea originated with a
second-grade class in the town of Franklin, and
was made official on April 17, 1974.
was designated as the state HORSE
on May 14, 1970. The breed is descended from a
single bay born in West Springfield in 1789, and
was named for the original breeder, Justin
Franklin was named the official INVENTOR
of Massachusetts on November 16, 2006.
||Located in the Shipyard
Park of the Charlestown Navy Yard, the
State KOREAN WAR MEMORIAL was
approved on April 7, 2000.
||The Right Whale
(Eubabalena glacialis) was so called
because the flourishing whale industry in
Massachusetts found the cetacean the
"right" whale to hunt, especially
before 1750. The Legislature designated it as the
state MARINE MAMMAL in March
||The state MIA/POW
MEMORIAL is located in the town of Bourne
at the Massachusetts National Cemetery and was
approved on July 3, 2002, for the Commonwealth.
||The finest quality Babingtonite
in America is found in Massachusetts. In fact,
this state is one of the few locations in the
world where this usually jet black material with
a brilliant submetallic luster is found. The
Legislature designated it as the state MINERAL
on April 24, 1971.
||The official state MOTTO
is "Ense petit placidam
sub libertate quietem," which
means "By the sword we seek peace, but peace
only under liberty." The motto is the second
of two lines written about 1659 by Algernon
Sydney, an English soldier and politician, in the
Book of Mottoes in the King's Library in
Copenhagen, Denmark. It was adopted in 1775 by
the Provincial Congress.
||The schoolchildren of
Massachusetts petitioned for the Corn
Muffin, a staple of New England cooking,
to be the official state MUFFIN,
and the Legislature made it official on May 27,
||On November 22, 2000, the
words and music of Ode to
Massachusetts by Joseph Falzone was
approved as the official ODE of
the Commonwealth. [lyrics]
(Because of You Our Land is Free),
words and music by Bernard Davidson, was made the
official PATRIOTIC SONG on
October 23, 1989.
||In recognition of veterans who
served in WWI, the Orange Peace Statue,
in Orange, was designated the official PEACE
STATUE of the Commonwealth as of
February 25, 2000.
||On September 24, 1981, the
General Court designated "Blue Hills
of Massachusetts" by Katherine E.
Mullen of Barre as the official state POEM.
||On October 1, 1998, Say
Hello to Someone from Massachusetts,
by Lenny Gomulka, was approved as the official POLKA
of the Commonwealth. [lyrics]
||On July 31, 2014, Volleyball
was named the official RECREATIONAL AND
TEAM SPORT of Massachusetts.
||The Garter Snake (Thamnophis
sirtalis) was designated as the official REPTILE
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on January
Puddingstone became the state ROCK
on May 23, 1983.
||The state SEAL,
as adopted by Governor John Hancock and the
Council on December 13, 1870, and made official
by the General Court on June 4, 1885, bears a
representation of the arms of the Commonwealth
encircled within the words "Sigillum
Reipublicae Massachusettensis" (Seal of the
Republic of Massachusetts). The final form of the
seal was determined by a statewide contest.
arms consist of "a shield having a blue
field or surface with an Indian thereon, dressed
in a shirt and moccasins, holding in his right
hand a bow, and in his left hand an arrow, point
downward, all of gold; and, in the upper corner
of the field, above his right arm, a silver star
with five points. The crest is a wreath of blue
and gold, on which in gold is a right arm, bent
at the elbow, clothed and ruffled, with the hand
grasping a broadsword." The Indian model
used was of the Algonquin nation; the arrow
points downward to indicate that the Indian is
peaceful; and the star indicates that
Massachusetts was one of the original thirteen
||The New England
Neptune (Neptuna lyrata decemcostata)
was made the state SHELL on June
||The Paxton Soil Series
was adopted as the SOIL of the
Commonwealth by the Legislature on July 10, 1990.
[about (external link)]
||All Hail to
Massachusetts, words and music by
Arthur Marsh, was designated the official SONG
of the Commonwealth by an act of the Legislature
on July 6, 1981.
||The SOUTHWEST ASIA WAR
MEMORIAL of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts, dedicated to the memory of those
who gave their lives in the Desert Shield/Desert
Storm conflict, was approved on June 2, 1993, and
is located in the City of Worcester.
||Invented in Springfield by Dr.
James Naismith in 1891, Basketball
was made the official SPORT of
Massachusetts on August 8, 2006.
||The American Elm
(Ulmus americana) was adopted as the
official state TREE on March 21,
1941, to commemorate the fact that General George
Washington took command of the Continental
Army beneath one on Cambridge Common in 1775.
||On January 13, 1994, the Schooner
Ernestina was designated the
official VESSEL of the
Commonwealth, with New Bedford as its official
homeport. Built in 1894, the Ernestina is
the oldest surviving Grand Banks fishing
schooner; the only surviving 19th century
Gloucester-built fishing schooner; one of two
remaining examples of the Fredonia-style
schooners; the only offshore example of that
type; and one of two sailing Arctic exploration
vessels left afloat in the United States. The Ernestina
regularly sails the New England coast on
||The VIETNAM WAR
MEMORIAL of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts was approved on December 11, 1990,
and is located in the City of Worcester.