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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> New England >> Massachusetts
Facts and Figures

Massachusetts takes its name from the Massachusett tribe, which lived in the Great Blue Hill region, south of present-day Boston. The name "Massachusett" supposedly means "at or about the Great Hill."

silhouette map of Massachusetts

Massachusetts on the map

Location New England
Bordered By
Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire

Total Area (rank) 10,555 sq mi (44th)
Land Area (rank) 7,838 sq mi
Greatest Distance E-W 190 mi
Greatest Distance N-S 110 mi
Geographic Center 12 mi northwest of Worcester
Coastline 192 mi
Highest Point Mount Greylock; 3,491 ft
Lowest Point Atlantic Coast; sea level

Population (rank) 6,349,097 (13th)
Largest Cities
Boston, Worcester, Springfield, Lowell, Cambridge, Brockton, New Bedford, Fall River, Lynn, Quincy

Capital Boston
Local Administration
14 counties

Principal Industries services, trade, manufacturing, tourism
Principal Manufactures electric and electronic equipment, instruments, industrial machinery and equipment, printing and publishing, fabricated metal products
Agricultural Products cranberries, greenhouse, nursery, vegetables; cattle, hogs/pigs, sheep, chickens, turkeys
Nonfuel Minerals crushed stone, construction sand and gravel

First Explored By English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold, in 1602
First Permanent Settlement
Plymouth, by the Pilgrims, in 1620
Ratified Constitution (rank)
February 6, 1788 (6th)

SEE ALSO
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
Vermont
New Hampshire

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The Robinson Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> New England >> Massachusetts

This page was last updated on September 29, 2017.