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  American HistoryUnited States: Local History and DescriptionGulf StatesFloridaCities, Towns, Etc., A-Z
location of Tallahasseeseal of the City of TallahasseeTallahassee

[tal'u has'E] the seat of Leon County and the capital of Florida; area ~98 square miles; population ~156,600


The first European to visit the area of present-day Tallahassee was Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto, who spent the winter of 1538-1539 here. By 1675, the Franciscans had established seven missions in the area. The English and the Creek Indians raided the missions during Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) in retaliation for the Spanish having incited Indian raids against English settlements in South Carolina.

Florida State CapitolAfter the United States acquired Florida in 1821, the site of Tallahassee was chosen as the capital of the territory of Florida. The first settlers arrived in 1824, and the Legislature met for the first time in Tallahassee later that same year.

During the Civil War, Tallahassee was the only Confederate capital east of the Mississippi River to not be captured by Union troops.


In addition to being the home of Florida's state government, Tallahassee is a regional center for trade and agriculture.

Manufactures from the metropolitan area include lumber and wood products, processed food, building supplies, printed materials, and gunpowder.

The city is served by Tallahassee Regional Airport.


Tallahassee is the home of Florida State University, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee Community College, and Pat Thomas Law Enforcement Academy. Barry University, Embry Riddle and Flagler also have branches in Tallahassee.

Sites and Attractions

Cultural attractions include the Lemoyne Art Foundation Gallery and the Museum of Florida History.

Other Information

Notable persons from Tallahassee include: Wally Amos, founder of the "Famous Amos" chocolate chip cookie brand; George Clinton, musician; Paul Dirac, Nobel Prize-winning physicist; Faye Dunaway, actress; Jim Morrison, lead singer of The Doors; Burt Reynolds, actor.

The name Tallahassee is a Muskogean word often translated as old fields or old town.

Official Website of the City of Tallahassee

Hernando de Soto
South Carolina
Civil War

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  The Robinson Library > American History > United States: Local History and Description > Gulf States > Florida > Cities, Towns, Etc., A-Z

This page was last updated on September 11, 2015.

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