Facts and Figures
Area (rank) 52,423 sq mi
(30th). Population (rank) 4,858,979 (23rd). Capital
Birmingham. Admitted to Rank (rank) December 14,
Symbols of Alabama
Dates in Alabama
1519 Alonso Álvarez de Piñeda of Spain
probably sailed into Mobile Bay. 1702 French
Canadians founded Fort Louis on the Mobile River. December
14, 1819 Alabama became the 22nd state.
served as Governor of Alabama twice, 1947-1951 and
1955-1959. During both terms he tried to improve civil
rights in the state, but was unsuccessful both times.
served an unprecedented (and unbeaten) four terms as
Governor of Alabama. During most of his tenure he was
known for being a staunch segregationist, and, in 1963,
literally stood in the way of two blacks attempting to
attend the University of Alabama. By the time his fourth
term started, however, he had actually gained forgiveness
from civil rights leaders for his past actions. He was
also a three-time candidate for President, but never made
it past the early primaries.
is the third most populous city in Alabama (~195,000). Located on the Mobile River, where it meets
Mobile Bay, it is Alabama's only seaport. The city was
founded as a French trading post and military outpost in
is the seat of Russell County. It grew out of the union
of two other towns, Girard and Brownville, which were
consolidated into the current city in 1923.