Jersey's Great Northwest"
The northernmost county of New
Jersey, Sussex County has an area of 70.59 square
miles and a population of approximately 149,200.
The county seat is Newton.
Dutch and French Huguenots from
the Hudson River Valley began moving into the
Upper Delaware River Valley around 1690, and by
1730 they had established settlements as far
south as the Delaware Water Gap. Immigrants from
the Palatine region of what is now Germany and
Switzerland began moving into the area in the
1720's, about the same time that Scottish and
English settlers began moving up the tributaries
of the Passaic and Raritan rivers.
By 1751 the area between the Delaware
and Musconetcong rivers had been divided
into four townships -- Walpack, Greenwich,
Hardwick, and Newton. On June 8, 1753, Sussex
County was created from these four
municipalities, with its boundaries drawn by the
New York-New Jersey border to the north, the
Delaware River to the west, and the Musconetcong
River to the south and east. After several
decades of debate over where to hold the sessions
of the county's courts, the state legislature
eventually voted to divide Sussex County in two,
using a line drawn from the juncture of the Flat
Brook and Delaware River in a southeasterly
direction to the Musconetcong River, and, on
November 20, 1824, Warren County was created from
the southern territory of Sussex County.
Untouched by combat during the Revolutionary
War, Sussex County's role during the conflict
was primarily limited to providing soldiers,
although the region's then rich iron ore deposits
did get used in the manufacture of American
munitions. That iron ore also found its way into
the nation's early railroad networks, into the
steel cable used on the first steel bridge across
Niagara Falls, and into Civil
Most of the region's iron ore and other
mineral deposits had been depleted by the end of
the 19th century, leaving agriculture as the
prinicpal sector of the economy. Tourism is also
important, with small businesses and
manufacturers contributing most of the remaining
Sussex County is governed by a five-member
Board of Chosen Freeholders, the members of which
are elected at large to serve three-year terms.
The Freeholder Board sets policies for the
operation of five main departments, twelve
divisions, and a number of boards, commissions,
authorities and committees. Members of the
Freeholder Board also serve on the Boards of
School Estimate for the Sussex County Technical
School and the Sussex County Community College.
Actual day-to-day operations are overseen by the
County Administrator, who is appointed by, and
reports to, the Board of Chosen Freeholders.
The public school system in Sussex County
consists of nine local and regional public high
school districts, and twenty public primary or
elementary school districts.
Sussex County Chamber of Commerce
Sussex County Historical Society
Sussex County Official Website http://www.sussex.nj.us/
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