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a monument to Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at the west end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
The Lincoln Memorial memorial is 189 feet long, 118-2/3 feet wide, and 99 feet high. The exterior is surrounded by 36 Doric columns, one for each of the 36 states at the time of Abraham Lincoln's death. The names of each of those states is inscribed above the columns, and above them are the names of the 48 states that existed when the memorial was dedicated. The memorial was designed by Henry Bacon.
The interior of the memorial is dominated by a statue of Abraham Lincoln that stands 19 feet high and is 19 feet across. It was designed by Daniel Chester French, and is made of 28 separate blocks of white Georgia marble. There are two side chambers, with one bearing an inscription of the Gettysburg Address and the other of Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, as well as two wall paintings by Jules Guerin (titled Emancipation and Reunion).
A memorial to Abraham Lincoln was first proposed and designed in 1867, but no money was provided for construction until Congress created the Lincoln Memorial Commission in 1911. The cornerstone was laid on February 12, 1915, and the Lincoln Memorial was presented to President Warren G. Harding by Chief Justice William Howard Taft (as chairman of commission) on May 30, 1922.
Library >> American History >> United States: Local History and Description >> Middle Atlantic States
This page was last updated on February 11, 2018.