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  American HistoryUnited States: General History and DescriptionEarly 20th Century, 1901-1960Biography, A-Z
Maury MaverickMaury Maverick

U.S. Congressman

Fontaine Maury Maverick was born in San Antonio, Texas, on October 23, 1895. He was educated in the San Antonio public schools, the Virginia Military Institute, the University of Texas at Austin, and the University of Texas School of Law. Upon receiving his law degree he commenced practice in San Antonio.

As a First Lieutenant during World War I, Maverick received the Silver Star, the Purple Heart, and other decorations in the Argonne Offensive, an engagement in which he was twice critically wounded.

Between 1925 and 1930 Maverick was engaged in the lumber, building material, housing, and mortgage businesses.

Maverick began his political career as Tax Collector of Bexar County (1930-1934). From that position he moved on to the United States House of Representatives, serving there from 1935 to 1938. As a New Deal Congressman he led a group of "maverick" Congressmen who tried to "out-New Deal the New Deal." He was influential in the passage of the Patman Bonus Bill, neutrality legislation, a measure strengthening the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Public Utilities Holding Company Act, legislation establishing the National Cancer Institute, and in the defeat of bills that threatened civil liberties.

As Mayor of San Antonio (1939-1941), Maverick was credited for his honest and efficient administration of the city.

During World War II, Maverick served as a member of the War Production Board and chairman of the Smaller Plants Corporation (1941-1946), in which positions he gained a reputation as an able administrator and a champion of small business.

As a lawyer, Maverick gained national fame as a defender of civil liberties.

Maverick was also the author of A Maverick American (1937), In Blood and Ink: The Life and Documents of American Democracy (1939), and numerous articles on public affairs.

Maury Maverick died in San Antonio on June 7, 1954.

World War I
World War II

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This page was last updated on January 06, 2015.

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