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  American HistoryUnited States: General History and DescriptionLate 19th Century, 1865-1900James A. Garfield's Administration, 1881

James Abram GarfieldA Chronology of James Garfield's Life and Career

Before becoming President, James Abram Garfield was successful as professor, college president, Civil War general, and U.S. Congressman. He spoke and wrote well, read widely, and even composed poetry. He loved to entertain his friends by writing Greek with one hand and at the same time writing Latin with the other.

November 19, 1831 Garfield Birthplace Born in Orange Township, Ohio.
1856   Graduated from Williams College.
1857   Named president of the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College).
November 11, 1858 Lucretia Rudolph Garfield Married Lucretia Rudolph.
1859   Elected to the Ohio State Senate.
1862   Became the youngest Brigadier General in the Union Army.
1862   Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
1876   Served on the commission that settled the Hayes-Tilden presidential election.
1876 Mentor, Ohio, home Moved to Mentor, Ohio.
1880   Elected to the U.S. Senate.
1880 President Garfield Elected President of the United States.
July 2, 1881 the death of James Garfield Shot by Charles Guiteau.
September 19, 1881 Died in Elberon, New Jersey.

Notes and Trivia

At one time in 1880, Garfield actually held three federal government positions at the same time. He was serving in the U.S. House of Representatives when the Ohio Senate elected him to the U.S. Senate; before he could take his Senate seat, however, he was elected President of the United States.

James Abram Garfield National Historic Site

Lucretia Rudolph
The Death of James Garfield

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This page was last updated on May 02, 2016.

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