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James Abram Garfield

Before becoming President, James Abram Garfield was successful as professor, college president, Civil War general, and U.S. Congressman. He spoke and wrote well, read widely, and even composed poetry. He loved to entertain his friends by writing Greek with one hand and at the same time writing Latin with the other.

Chronology of His Life and Career

Garfield Birthplace November 19, 1831 Born in Orange Township, Ohio.
  1856 Graduated from Williams College.
  1857 Named president of the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (now Hiram College).
Lucretia Rudolph Garfield November 11, 1858 Married Lucretia Rudolph.
  1859 Elected to the Ohio State Senate.
  1862 Became the youngest Brigadier General in the Union Army.
  1862 Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
  1876 Served on the commission that settled the Hayes-Tilden presidential election.
Mentor, Ohio, home 1876 Moved to Mentor, Ohio.
  1880 Elected to the U.S. Senate.
President Garfield 1880 Elected President of the United States.
the death of James Garfield July 2, 1881 Shot by Charles Guiteau.
September 19, 1881 Died in Elberon, New Jersey.

Notes and Trivia

At one time in 1880, Garfield actually held three federal government positions at the same time. He was serving in the U.S. House of Representatives when the Ohio Senate elected him to the U.S. Senate; before he could take his Senate seat, however, he was elected President of the United States.

See Also

Lucretia Rudolph
The Death of James Garfield

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The Robinson Library >> James Garfield's Administration

This page was last updated on August 30, 2018.