|A Chronology of Chester Alan Arthur's
Life and Career
tall, and handsome, with clean-shaven chin and
side-whiskers, Chester Alan Arthur "looked
like a President."
Honorable in his personal life
and his public career, Arthur nevertheless was a
firm believer in the spoils system while serving
as Collector of the New York Custom House. He
insisted upon honest administration of the
Customs House, but staffed it with more employees
than it needed, retaining them for their merit as
party workers rather than as government
officials. In 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes, attempting to reform the Customs
House, ousted Arthur. Senator Roscoe Conkling and
his followers tried to win redress by fighting
for the renomination of Ulysses
Grant at the 1880
Republican Convention. Failing, they reluctantly
accepted the nomination of Arthur for the Vice
|October 5, 1829
||Born in Fairfield,
||Graduated from Union College.
||Became a partner in a New York City
||Won a case that established the right
of blacks to ride on any streetcar in New
||Named New York State
|October 25, 1859
||Married Ellen Lewis Herndon.
||Named Quartermaster General of the
State of New York.
||Named Collector of the New York
|January 21, 1880
||Mrs. Ellen Arthur died.
||Elected Vice-President of the United
|September 20, 1881
||Sworn in as the 21st President
of the United States.
||Learned that he was dying of Bright's
|November 18, 1886
||Died in New York
Rutherford B. Hayes
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