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James Monroe became President after more than 40 years of public service. After serving in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, he served in the Virginia Assembly and in the Congress of the Confederation. He later became a U.S. Senator, Minister to France, Spain, and Great Britain, and Governor of Virginia. During the War of 1812, he served as Secretary of State and Secretary of War at the same time.

Monroe was tall and rawboned, and had a military bearing. His gray-blue eyes invited confidence. Even John Quincy Adams, who criticized almost everyone, spoke well of Monroe.

James Monroe

birthplace marker April 28, 1758 Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
  1776 Commissioned a Lieutenant in the Continental Army.
  1782 Elected to the Virginia Assembly.
  1783 Elected to the Congress of the Confederation.
  February 16, 1786 Married Elizabeth Kortright.
Monroe's law office 1786 Established a law office in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
  1786 Elected to the Virginia Assembly.
  1789 Defeated in bid for the first U.S. House of Representatives.
  1790 Elected to the U.S. Senate.
Highland 1793 Bought the estate which became Highland.
  1794 Named Minister to France.
  1799 Elected Governor of Virginia.
  1803 Sent to France by President President Thomas Jefferson to help negotiate the purchase of New Orleans.
  1803 Sent to Spain to help Charles Pinckney purchase the Floridas.
  1804 Named Minister to Great Britain.
  1808 Unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic-Republican presidential nomination.
  1808 Elected to the Virginia Assembly.
  1811 Appointed Secretary of State.
  1814 Named Secretary of War.
  1816 Elected President of the United States.
  1820 Re-elected President.
Oak Hill 1825 Retired to Oak Hill.
  1826 Accepted appointment to the University of Virginia Board of Regents.
  1829 Became president of the Virginia Constitutional Convention.
  September 23, 1830 Elizabeth Monroe died.
  1830 Moved to New York City.
  July 4, 1831 Died in New York City.
Monroe's romb July 5, 1858 Re-buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.

See Also

War of 1812
John Quincy Adams
President Thomas Jefferson
Charles Pinckney
New York City

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The Robinson Library >> James Monroe's Administration

This page was last updated on August 30, 2018.