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  American HistoryUnited States: General History and DescriptionRevolution to the Civil War, 1775/1783-1861Early 19th Century, 1801-1845James Monroe's Administration, 1817-1825

James MonroeJames Monroe: A Chronology of His Life and Career

James Monroe became President after more than 40 years of public service. After serving in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, he served in the Virginia Assembly and in the Congress of the Confederation. He later became a U.S. Senator, Minister to France, Spain, and Great Britain, and Governor of Virginia. During the War of 1812, he served as Secretary of State and Secretary of War at the same time.

Monroe was tall and rawboned, and had a military bearing. His gray-blue eyes invited confidence. Even John Quincy Adams, who criticized almost everyone, spoke well of Monroe.

April 28, 1758 birthplace marker Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
1776   Commissioned a Lieutenant in the Continental Army.
1782   Elected to the Virginia Assembly.
1783   Elected to the Congress of the Confederation.
February 16, 1786   Married Elizabeth Kortright.
1786 Monroe's law office Established a law office in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
1786   Elected to the Virginia Assembly.
1789   Defeated in bid for the first U.S. House of Representatives.
1790   Elected to the U.S. Senate.
1793 Highland Bought the estate which became Highland.
1794   Named Minister to France.
1799   Elected Governor of Virginia.
1803   Sent to France by President President Thomas Jefferson to help negotiate the purchase of New Orleans.
1803   Sent to Spain to help Charles Pinckney purchase the Floridas.
1804   Named Minister to Great Britain.
1808   Unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic-Republican presidential nomination.
1808   Elected to the Virginia Assembly.
1811   Appointed Secretary of State.
1814   Named Secretary of War.
1816   Elected President of the United States.
1820   Re-elected President.
1825 Oak Hill Retired to Oak Hill.
1826   Accepted appointment to the University of Virginia Board of Regents.
1829   Became president of the Virginia Constitutional Convention.
September 23, 1830   Elizabeth Monroe died.
1830   Moved to New York City.
July 4, 1831   Died in New York City.
July 5, 1858 Monroe's romb Re-buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.

War of 1812
John Quincy Adams
President Thomas Jefferson
Charles Pinckney
New York City

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  The Robinson Library > American History > United States: General History and Description > Revolution to the Civil War, 1775/1783-1861 > Early 19th Century, 1801-1845 > James Monroe's Administration, 1817-1825

This page was last updated on December 27, 2016.

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