of James Monroe's Administration
As President, James Monroe
presided quietly during a period known as "the era
of good feeling." The frontier was moving rapidly
westward, and small cities sprang up west of the
Mississippi River. Rapidly extending frontiers soon
caused Americans to consider whether slavery should be
permitted in the new territories.
A Chronology of His Life and Career
James Monroe became President after more than 40 years of
public service. After fighting in the Revolution, he
served as a U.S. Senator; Minister to France, Spain, and
Great Britain; Governor of Virginia,;Secretary of State;
and, Secretary of War.
The Adams-Onis Treaty
was signed in 1819 and ratified in 1821. Under
its terms, Spain ceded East Florida to the United
States, renounced all claims to West Florida and the
Oregon Country, in exchange for which the United States
agreed to pay $5,000,000. The treaty also established a
boundary between Mexico and the United States.
The Missouri Compromise of
was actually two compromises in one, both
of them arising out of Missouri's request for statehood.
Passed on March 3, 1820, it proposed that Maine be
admitted as a free state, thus balancing the admission of
Missouri as a slave state.