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  American HistoryUnited States: General History and DescriptionRevolution to the Civil War, 1775/1783-1861Early 19th Century, 1801-1845James Mafidon's Administration, 1809-1817
Sir Isaac BrockSir Isaac Brock

"the hero of Upper Canada"

Isaac Brock was born at St. Peter Port, Guernsey, on October 6, 1769. He joined the British Army at the age of 15 as an ensign of the 8th Regiment, rising to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1797, after less than thirteen years of service. From 1802 to 1805 he was with his regiment in Canada, and returned there in 1806 in view of potential war between Great Britain and the United States. In 1810 he assumed the command of the troops in Upper Canada, and then took over the civil administration of that province as provisional Lieutenant-Governor.

Upon outbreak of the War of 1812 in the United States, Brock organized the militia of Upper Canada and prepared it to defend the province against invasions from the United States. On August 16, 1812, with about 730 men and 600 Indians commanded by Shawnee chief Tecumseh, he compelled an American force of some 2,500 men under General William Hull to surrender at Detroit, an accomplishment which gained him a knighthood of the Bath and the popular title of "the hero of Upper Canada." From Detroit he rushed his force to the Niagara frontier, but was killed at the Battle of Queenston Heights on October 13.

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This page was last updated on December 14, 2014.

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