|An Overview of George Washington's
February, 1789, members of the first Electoral College
met in their own states and voted. At that time, each
elector voted for two persons. The candidate with the
most votes became President, and the runner-up became
Vice-President. Washington was elected President with 69
votes -- the largest number possible -- from the 69
electors. John Adams was elected Vice-President, with 34
George Washington took the oath as
first President on the balcony of Federal Hall in New
York City on April 30, 1789. His second inauguration took
place in Philadelphia, making him the only President to
be inaugurated in two cities.
The portrait of George Washington
at right, painted by Gilbert Stuart,
is the only object in the White House
that has been there since it was first occupied in 1800.
It was this portrait that Dolley
Madison saved before
fleeing the White House ahead of the British during the War
Vice-President and Cabinet
|Secretary of Foreign
|Secretary of the
Oliver Wolcott, Jr. (1795)
|Secretary of War
Timothy Pickering (1795)
James McHenry (1796)
William Bradford (1794)
Charles Lee (1795)
Events During His Administration
in 1797 4,900,000
|1789, June 1
||Washington signed the first act
of Congress, concerning the administration of
|1789, July 4
||Washington signed a bill that
provided income to run the government by setting
taxes on imports.
|1789, July 27
||Congress established the
Department of Foreign Affairs (now the Department
|1789, August 4
||The Department of War was
|1789, September 2
||The Treasury Department was
|1789, September 13
||Alexander Hamilton negotiated a
loan to the U.S. Government from New York banks.
|1789, September 24
||The office of Attorney General
|1789, September 25
||The first ten amendments to the
Constitution were enacted by Congress.
|1789, November 21
Carolina became the 12th state to ratify the
|1790, February 1
||The Supreme Court held its first
|1790, May 29
Island became the 13th state to ratify the
||Congress passed a law calling
upon the United States to assume the wartime
debts of the various states, authorizing the
borrowing of $12 million from other countries,
and paying interest on the public debts.
||Congress approved a bill to
transfer the government to Philadelphia until
1800, after which it would be moved to a federal
district on the Potomac River.
||Washington took up residence in
||The first national census was
completed. It reported a population of 3,929,214
||The Cabinet held its first
|1791, February 25
||Congress chartered the Bank of
the United States.
|1791, March 3
||Congress established the District
|1791, March 4
was admitted as the 14th state.
|1791, December 15
||The Bill of Rights became law.
||Washington issued his first veto
-- of a bill increasing the number of U.S.
Representatives from 67 to 120.
|1792, May 17
||A group of brokers signed an
agreement founding the New
York Stock Exchange.
|1792, June 1
was admitted as the 15th state.
|1793, February 13
||The Electoral College ballots
were counted and Washington was re-elected -- he
received 132 votes, John Adams received 77.
|1793, April 22
||Washington issued the Neutrality
Proclamation to keep the United States out of the
war between France and Great Britain.
|1793, September 18
||Washington laid the cornerstone
of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
Whitney invented to cotton gin.
Rebellion was crushed by federal troops.
|1794, August 20
||General Anthony Wayne defeated
Miami Indians at Fallen
|1794, November 19
Treaty to maintain trade with Great Britain
||The first hard-surfaced road was
completed, extending 62 miles from Philadelphia
to Lancaster, Pennsylvania.
|1795, February 7
||The Eleventh Amendment to the
Constitution was ratified.
|1796, June 1
was admitted as the 16th state.
Events During His Administration
||The French Revolution took
||The British Parliament passed
the Canada Constitution Act.
||Aga Mohammed founded the Kajar
Dynasty in Persia (now Iran).
||Austria, Prussia and Russia
partitioned Poland among themselves.
||The French Army under Napoleon
Bonaparte drove the Austrians from Italy.
York Stock Exchange
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