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States: General History and Description >> Revolution to Civil War, 1775/1783-1861 >> The Confederation, 1783-1789
member of the Congress of the Confederation
Samuel Osgood was born in Andover, Massachusetts, on February 3, 1748. He graduated from Harvard College in 1770, served in the Essex County Convention in 1774, and was a member of the Provincial Congress.
Osgood became a Captain of a company of Minutemen at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War. Elevated to the rank of Major, he served as aide to General Artemas Ward and was later promoted to Colonel and Assistant Quartermaster.
Following the war, Osgood served in the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention of 1779, the State Senate in 1780, and the Congress of the Confederation from 1781 to 1784. In Congress, Osgood was especially active in preparing legislation related to business and finance. He returned to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1784. In 1785 he was chosen as one of three commissioners of the Treasury, a position in which he served until 1789. He opposed ratification of the Constitution because he believed it gave too much power to the federal government, but then served President George Washington as Postmaster General from 1789 to 1791.
Moving to New York City, Osgood served in the State Assembly from 1800 to 1803, as Supervisor of Internal Revenue for the District of New York, and as Naval Officer at the Port of New York; he served in the latter capacity from May 10, 1803 until his death, on August 12, 1813. He is interred in the Brick Presbyterian Church of New York City.
This page was last updated on February 02, 2017.