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>> American History
States: General History and Description >> The Revolution, 1775-1783
|Individual Biography, A-Z|
formed the Green Mountain Boys to help Vermont resist efforts by New York to nullify land grants. He then led them in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, the first American victory of the Revolutionary War.
gained distinction as a cavalry officer during Poland's fight for freedom from Russian rule. Convinced to help in America's fight for independence, he trained and commanded a cavalry unit known as the Pulaski Legion, the first formal U.S. cavalry unit. He was killed during the Battle of Savannah.
was one of the first commanders in the Continental Army. During the Revolutionary War he and his crews enjoyed multiple major successes against the British Navy, even though they were frequently out-gunned. In 1797 he was officially commissioned as the first commanding officer in the United States Navy.
was a successful military commander during the French and Indian War, but failed to have much success as a general during the Revolutionary War.
was the designer of the "Turtle," the first submersible vessel ever used in combat in America. Although the vessel to carry out its full mission, it did force the British Navy to take notice and change some of its tactics.
|Jean-Baptiste Donatien de
Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau,
was a very distinguished French officer when he brought an army of French troops across the Atlantic to join the American Revolution. His army was subsequently instrumental in the Americans forcing British General Cornwallis to surrender his army at Yorktown.
|George Rogers Clark
did much to secure a large portion of the "Old Northwest" for the United States during the Revolutionary War, despite commanding a rather small army of men.
led the New Hampshire Militia against a German/British/Indian army at the Battle of Bennington, and scored a decisive victory.
|François Joseph Paul, Comte De
had already served in the French Navy for 25 years before being sent to help the American Revolutionary cause. On September 5, 1781, his fleet engaged a British fleet in the Chesapeake Bay and successfully prevented the escape of General Lord Charles Cornwallis from Yorktown.
Wilhelm Augustus von Steuben
came to America in 1778 to help in the Revolutionary cause and helped George Washington transform a ragtag collection of troops into a well-disciplined and well-trained army.
served with great distinction in the battles of Trenton, Brandwine and Monmouth, was with George Washington at Valley Forge, and personally directed the efforts to drive the British out of both South Carolina and Georgia.
led armies at Quebec, Long Island, Trenton, Princeton, Staten Island, Brandywine, and Germantown. He is best known, however, for leading a camapign against the Iroquois in New York that ended their alliance with the British.
|John Paul Jones
was one of the most successful American naval captains during the war, and commanded the first U.S. ship to fly the "Stars and Stripes" and to receive a foreign salute.
led the Green Mountain Boys at the Battle of Bennington and against British supply lines all the way to Lake Champlain, actions which ultimately led to General John Burgoyne's surrender at Yorktown.
earned his nickname by conducting lightning raids on British supply trains, as well as for his excellent horse-riding skills.
commanded divisions at some of the most crucial battles of the Revolutionary War, and then went on to secure the Northwest Territory for white settlement.