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Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon

Location archipelago of eight islands just off the southern coast of Newfoundland, Canada

location of St. Pierre and Miquelon

Total Area 93 sq mi (242 sq km)
Highest Point
Morne de la Grande Montagne; 787 ft (240 m)
Lowest Point sea level

map of St. Pierre and Miquelon

Nationality French
Population (July 2016 est) 5,595
Largest Cities Saint-Pierre
Ethnic Groups Basques, Bretons
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages French (official)

Capital Saint-Pierre
Dependency Status
self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
Form of Government parliamentary representative democracy
Present Constitution Adopted October 4, 1958
Chief of State
French
President Emmanuel Macron (since May 14, 2017); represented by Prefect Jean-Regis Borius (since 2016)
Head of Government
President of the Territorial Council Stephane Artano (since February 21, 2017)
Legislature
unicameral Territorial Council (Conseil Territorial)
Judiciary
Superior Tribunal of Appeals (Tribunal Superieur d'Appel)
Local Administration
none

Currency Euro
Per Capita Income
$34,900
Principal Industries
fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Agricultural Products
vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs
Export Commodities
fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
Import Commodities
meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials

National Holiday Fete de la Federation; July 14 (1789)
Origin of Name
"Saint-Pierre" is French for Saint Peter, the patron saint of fishermen. "Miquelon" is believed to be a Basque form of the name Michael.
Flag
a yellow three-masted sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a blue background with scattered, white, wavy lines under the ship; a continuous black-over-white wavy line divides the ship from the white wavy lines; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the blue on the main portion of the flag symbolizes the Atlantic Ocean and the stylized ship represents the Grande Hermine in which Jacques Cartier "discovered" the islands in 1536

flag of St. Pierre and Miquelon

SEE ALSO
France

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This page was last updated on 06/06/2017.