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  American HistorySouth AmericaVenezuelaGeneral Information
Republic of Venezuela

República de Venezuela

Origin of Name Venezuela is Italian for "Little Venice," a reference to the native stilt-houses built on Lake Maracaibo which reminded the explorers Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci of buildings in Venice.

map of Venezuelalocation of Venezuela on a map of South AmericaLocation northern coast of South America
Bordered By Guyana,
Brazil, Colombia

Area 352,145 sq mi (912,050 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 925 mi (1,489 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 790 mi (1,271 km)
Comparative Area slightly more than twice the size of California
Coastline 1,750 mi (2,816 km)
Highest Point Pico Bolívar; 16,411 ft (5,002 m)
Lowest Point Caribbean coast; sea level
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds

Nationality Venezuelan
Population (July 2012 est) 28,047,938
Largest Cities Caracas, Maracaibo, Valencia
Ethnic Groups Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Capital Caracas
Form of Government federal republic
Present Constitution Adopted December 30, 1999
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Nicolas Maduro Moros (since March 8, 2013)
Council of Ministers, appointed by President
unicameral National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional)
Supreme Tribunal of Justice (Tribuna Suprema de Justicia)
Local Administration
23 states (estados), 1 capital district (distrito capital), 1 federal dependency (dependencia federal)

Currency Bolivar
Per Capita Income
Industries petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles, iron ore mining, steel, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly
Agricultural Products
corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish
Export Commodities petroleum, bauxite, aluminum, steel, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufactures
Import Commodities raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials

flag of VenezuelaIndependence Achieved July 5, 1811
National Holiday Independence Day; July 5
Flag three equal horizontal bands of yellow, blue, and red, with the coat of arms on the hoist side of the yellow band and an arc of eight white five-pointed stars centered in the blue band

Amerigo Vespucci

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This page was last updated on March 02, 2015.

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